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Showing 7 results for Structural Design

S. Talatahari, M. Nouri, F. Tadbiri,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (10-2012)

Over the past few years, swarm intelligence based optimization techniques such as ant colony optimization and particle swarm optimization have received considerable attention from engineering researchers. These algorithms have been used in the solution of various structural optimization problems where the main goal is to minimize the weight of structures while satisfying all design requirements imposed by design codes. In this paper, artificial bee colony algorithm (ABC) is utilized to optimize different skeletal structures. The results of the ABC are compared with the results of other optimization algorithms from the literature to show the efficiency of this technique for structural design problems.
O. Hasançebi, S. Kazemzadeh Azad, S. Kazemzadeh Azad,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2013)

The present study attempts to apply an efficient yet simple optimization (SOPT) algorithm to optimum design of truss structures under stress and displacement constraints. The computational efficiency of the technique is improved through avoiding unnecessary analyses during the course of optimization using the so-called upper bound strategy (UBS). The efficiency of the UBS integrated SOPT algorithm is evaluated through benchmark sizing optimization problems of truss structures and the numerical results are reported. A comparison of the numerical results attained using the SOPT algorithm with those of modern metaheuristic techniques demonstrates that the employed algorithm is capable of locating promising designs with considerably less computational effort.
S. Kazemzadeh Azad, O. Hasançebi,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (10-2013)

This paper attempts to improve the computational efficiency of the well known particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm for tackling discrete sizing optimization problems of steel frame structures. It is generally known that, in structural design optimization applications, PSO entails enormously time-consuming structural analyses to locate an optimum solution. Hence, in the present study it is attempted to lessen the computational effort of the algorithm, using the so called upper bound strategy (UBS), which is a recently proposed strategy for reducing the total number of structural analyses involved in the course of design optimization. In the UBS, the key issue is to identify those candidate solutions which have no chance to improve the search during the optimum design process. After identifying those non-improving solutions, they are directly excluded from the structural analysis stage, diminishing the total computational cost. The performance of the UBS integrated PSO algorithm (UPSO) is evaluated in discrete sizing optimization of a real scale steel frame to AISC-LRFD specifications. The numerical results demonstrate that the UPSO outperforms the original PSO algorithm in terms of the computational efficiency.
M. Shahrouzi,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2020)

Meta-heuristics have received increasing attention in recent years. The present article introduces a novel method in such a class that distinguishes a number of artificial search agents called players within two teams. At each iteration, the active player concerns some other players in both teams to construct its special movements and to get more score. At the end of some iterations (like quarters of a sports game) the teams switch their places for fair play. The algorithm is developed to solve a general purpose optimization problem; however, in this article its application is illustrated on structural sizing design. Switching Teams Algorithm is presented as a parameter-less population-based algorithm utilizing just two control parameters. The proposed method can recover diversity in a novel manner compared to other meta-heuristics in order to capture global optima.
M. Shahrouzi, A. Azizi,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (1-2022)

The present work reveals a problem formulation to minimize material consumption and improve efficiency of diagrids to resist equivalent wind loading. The integrated formulation includes not only sizing of structural members but also variation in geometry and topology of such a system. Particular encoding technique is offered to handle practical variation of diagrid modules. A variant of Pseudo-random Directional Search is utilized to solve this problem treating a number of three dimensional structural models. Several issues are investigated including the effect of variation in the building height, its aspect ratio and fixing or releasing diagrid angles. Consequently, especial trend of variation in diagrid angle is observed with superior structural responses with respect to sizing designs of the fixed-angle modules.
M. Shahrouzi, R. Jafari,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (4-2022)

Despite comprehensive literature works on developing fitness-based optimization algorithms, their performance is yet challenged by constraint handling in various engineering tasks. The present study, concerns the widely-used external penalty technique for sizing design of pin-jointed structures. Observer-teacher-learner-based optimization is employed here since previously addressed by a number of investigators as a powerful meta-heuristic algorithm. Several cases of penalty handling techniques are offered and studied using either maximum or summation of constraint violations as well as their combinations. Consequently, the most successive sequence, is identified for the treated continuous and discrete structural examples. Such a dynamic constraint handling is an affordable generalized solution for structural sizing design by iterative population-based algorithms.
M. Ilchi Ghazaan , A.h. Salmani Oshnari , A. M. Salmani Oshnari,
Volume 13, Issue 1 (1-2023)

Colliding Bodies Optimization (CBO) is a population-based metaheuristic algorithm that complies physics laws of momentum and energy. Due to the stagnation susceptibility of CBO by premature convergence and falling into local optima, some meritorious methodologies based on Sine Cosine Algorithm and a mutation operator were considered to mitigate the shortcomings mentioned earlier. Sine Cosine Algorithm (SCA) is a stochastic optimization method that employs sine and cosine based mathematical models to update a randomly generated initial population. In this paper, we developed a new hybrid approach called hybrid CBO with SCA (HCBOSCA) to obtain reliable structural design optimization of discrete and continuous variable structures, where a memory was defined to intensify the convergence speed of the algorithm. Finally, three structural problems were studied and compared to some state of the art optimization methods. The experimental results confirmed the competence of the proposed algorithm.

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