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Showing 7 results for Finite Element Method

P. A. A. Magalhaes Junior, I. G. Rios, T. S. Ferreira, A. C. de Andrade Junior, O. A. de Carvalho Filho, C. A. Magalhaes,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2014)

This article aims to study the self-supporting truss towers used to support large wind turbines. The goal is to evaluate and validate numerically by finite element method the structural analysis when the lattice structures of the towers of wind turbines are subjected to static loads and these from common usage. With this, it is expected to minimize the cost of transportation and installation of the tower and maximize the generation of electricity, considering technical standards and restrictions of structural integrity and safety, making vibration analysis and the required static and dynamic loads, thereby preventing failures by fractures or mechanical fatigue. Practical examples of towers will be designed by the system and will be tested in structural simulation programs using the Finite Element Method. This analysis is performed on the entire region coupling action of the turbine, with variable sensitivity to vibration levels. The results obtained for freestanding lattice tower are compared with the information of a tubular one designed to support the generator with the same characteristics. At the end of this work it was possible to observe the feasibility of using lattice towers that proved better as its structural performance but with caveats about its dynamic performance since the appearance of several other modes natural frequency thus reducing the intervals between them in low frequency and theoretically increase the risk of resonance.
S. Shojaee, A. Mohaghegh, A. Haeri,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (7-2015)

In this paper the piecewise level set method is combined with phase field method to solve the shape and topology optimization problem. First, the optimization problem is formed based on piecewise constant level set method then is updated using the energy term of phase field equations. The resulting diffusion equation which updates the level set function and optimization problem is solved through finite element method. The proposed method enhances the convergence rate and solution efficiency. Various two-dimensional examples are solved to verify the performance of proposed method.
P. Hamidi, T. Akhlaghi, M. Hajialilou Bonab,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (3-2017)

Calculation of lateral earth pressure on retaining walls is one of the main issues in geotechnics. The upper and lower bound theorems of plasticity are used to analyze the stability of geotechnical structures include bearing capacity of foundations, lateral earth pressure on retaining walls and factor of safety of slopes. In this paper formulation of finite element limit analysis is introduced to determine plastic limit load in the perfect plastic materials. Elements with linear strain rates, which are used in the formulation, cause to eliminate the necessity of velocity discontinuities between the elements. Using non-linear programming based on second order cone programming (SOCP), which has good conformity with cone yield functions such as Mohr-Coulomb and Drucker-Prager, is another important advantage that remove the problem of using ordinary linear programming algorithms for yield functions such as divergent in the apexes. Finally, the optimization problem will be solved by mathematical method. The proposed method is used for calculating active earth pressure on retaining walls in cohesive-frictional soils. According to results of analysis, active earth force on retaining wall is decreased by increasing soil cohesion, wall inclination friction angle between backfill and wall and friction angle of soil wherein the force is increased by increasing surcharge on the backfill and the backfill slope. Mathematical method is used for obtaining accurate results in this research, however, heuristic methods are used when approximate solutions are sufficient.

A. Kaveh, M.r. Seddighian, E. Ghanadpour,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (6-2019)

Despite widespread application of grillage structures in many engineering fields such as civil, architecture, mechanics, their analysis and design make them more complex than other type of skeletal structures. This intricacy becomes more laborious when the corresponding
analysis and design are based on plastic concepts.
In this paper, Finite Element Method is utilized to find the lower and the upper bounds solutions of rectangular planner grids and this method is compared with analogues Finite Difference Method to indicate the efficiency of proposed approach.

A. Kaveh, M. R. Seddighian, H. Sadeghi, S. Sadat Naseri,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (10-2020)

One of the most crucial problems in geo-engineering is the instability of unsaturated slopes, causing severe loss of life and property worldwide. In this study, five novel meta-heuristic methods are employed to optimize locating the Critical Failure Surface (CFS) and corresponding Factor of Safety (FOS). A Finite Element Method (FEM) code is incorporated to convert the strong form of the Richard’s differential equation to the weak form. More importantly, the derived code can consider both the seismic and seepage conditions additional to the static loading. Eventually, the proposed optimization procedure is validated against benchmark examples and some insights are provided.
A. Kaveh, M. R. Seddighian, N. Farsi,
Volume 13, Issue 2 (4-2023)

Despite the advantages of the plastic limit analysis of structures, this robust method suffers from some drawbacks such as intense computational cost. Through two recent decades, metaheuristic algorithms have improved the performance of plastic limit analysis, especially in structural problems. Additionally, graph theoretical algorithms have decreased the computational time of the process impressively. However, the iterative procedure and its relative computational memory and time have remained a challenge, up to now. In this paper, a metaheuristic-based artificial neural network (ANN), which is categorized as a supervised machine learning technique, has been employed to determine the collapse load factors of two-dimensional frames in an absolutely fast manner. The numerical examples indicate that the proposed method's performance and accuracy are satisfactory.
P. Zakian,
Volume 13, Issue 3 (7-2023)

In this article, topology optimization of two-dimensional (2D) building frames subjected to seismic loading is performed using the polygonal finite element method. Artificial ground motion accelerograms compatible with the design response spectrum of ASCE 7-16 are generated for the response history dynamic analysis needed in the optimization. The mean compliance of structure is minimized as a typical objective function under the material volume fraction constraint. Also, the adjoint method is employed for the sensitivity analysis evaluated in terms of spatial and time discretization. The ground structures are 2D continua taking the main structural components (columns and beams) as passive regions (solid) to render planar frames with additional components. Hence, building frames with different aspect ratios are considered to assess the usefulness of the additional structural components when applying the earthquake ground motions. Furthermore, final results are obtained for different ground motions to investigate the effects of ground motion variability on the optimized topologies.

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