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Showing 10 results for Anfis

M.r. Ghasemi, E. Barghi,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (7-2012)
Abstract

In this paper the performance of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Adaptive Neuro- Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) in simulating the inverse dynamic behavior of Magneto- Rheological (MR) dampers is investigated. MR dampers are one of the most applicable methods in semi active control of seismic response of structures. Various mathematical models are introduced to simulate the dynamic behavior of MR dampers. The Modified Bouc-Wen model is an appropriate model that has an acceptable accuracy in calculating the generated force of dampers compared to others. In this model displacement and voltage of a MR damper are known while the force generated by MR damper is considered as the unknown. Because of highly nonlinear characteristics of modified bouc-wen model determination of inverse dynamic behavior of MR dampers are generally done using ANNs and ANFIS. Since the ANNs and ANFIS have different mechanisms for emulating desired functions, their responses may be different. In this research the performance of a Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN), Radial Basis Functions Neural Network (RBFNN) and ANFIS in estimating the inverse dynamic behavior of MR dampers are compared. The results emphasize on the advancement of ANFIS to the other methods studied in estimation of inverse dynamic behavior of MR dampers.
H. Fattahi, S. Shojaee , M. A Ebrahimi Farsangi,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (10-2013)
Abstract

The development of an excavation damaged zone (EDZ) around an underground excavation can change the physical, mechanical and hydraulic behaviors of the rock mass near an underground space. This might result in endangering safety, achievement of costs and excavation planed. This paper presents an approach to build a prediction model for the assessment of EDZ, based upon rock mass characteristics changed. Rock engineering systems (RES) was used as an appropriate method for choosing the best parameter that expresses the occurrence of EDZ. Modulus of deformation with the highest weight in the system was selected as the most effective changed parameter. The adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) with modulus of deformation as input was used to build a prediction model for the assessment of EDZ. Three ANFIS models were implemented, grid partitioning (GP), subtractive clustering method (SCM) and fuzzy c-means clustering method (FCM). A comparison was made between these three models and the results show the superiority of the ANFIS-SCM model. Furthermore, a case study in a test gallery of the Gotvand dam, Iran was carried out to illustrate the capability of the ANFIS model defined.
K. Behfarnia, F. Khademi,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (1-2017)
Abstract

This research deals with the development and comparison of two data-driven models, i.e., Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Adaptive Neuro-based Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) models for estimation of 28-day compressive strength of concrete for 160 different mix designs. These various mix designs are constructed based on seven different parameters, i.e., 3/4 mm sand, 3/8 mm sand, cement content, maximum size of aggregate, gravel content, water-cement ratio, and fineness modulus. In this study, it is found that the ANN model is an efficient model for prediction of compressive strength of concrete. In addition, ANFIS model is a suitable model for the same estimation purposes, however, the ANN model is recognized to be more fitting than ANFIS model in predicting the 28-day compressive strength of concrete.


A. Kaveh, S. M. Hamze-Ziabari, T. Bakhshpoori,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (1-2018)
Abstract

In the present study, two new hybrid approaches are proposed for predicting peak ground acceleration (PGA) parameter. The proposed approaches are based on the combinations of Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy System (ANFIS) with Genetic Algorithm (GA), and with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). In these approaches, the PSO and GA algorithms are employed to enhance the accuracy of ANFIS model. To develop hybrid models, a comprehensive database from Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) are used to train and test the proposed models. Earthquake magnitude, earthquake source to site distance, average shear-wave velocity, and faulting mechanisms are used as predictive parameters. The performances of developed hybrid models (PSO-ANFIS-PSO and GA-ANFIS-GA) are compared with the ANFIS model and also the most common soft computing approaches available in the literature. According to the obtained results, three developed models can be effectively used to predict the PGA parameter, but the comparison of models shows that the PSO-ANFIS–PSO model provides better results.


M. Torkan , M. Naderi Dehkordi,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (10-2018)
Abstract

Concrete is the second most consumed material after water and the most widely used construction material in the world. The compressive strength of concrete is one of its most important mechanical properties, which highly depends on its mix design. The present study uses the intelligent methods with instance-based learning ability to predict the compressive strength of concrete. To achieve this objective, first, a set of data pertaining to concrete mix designs containing fly ash was collected. Then, mix design parameters were used as the inputs of the artificial neural network (ANN), support vector machine (SVM), and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) developed for predicting the compressive strength. In all these models, prediction accuracy largely depends on the parameters of the learning model. Hence, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm, as a powerful population-based algorithm for solving continuous and discrete optimization problems, was used to determine the optimal values of algorithm parameters. The hybrid models were trained and tested with 426 experimental data and their results were compared by statistical criteria. Comparing the results of the developed models with the real values showed that the ANFIS-PSO hybrid model has the best performance and accuracy among the assessed methods.
A. Gholizad, S. Eftekhar Ardabili,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (10-2018)
Abstract

The existence of recorded accelerograms to perform dynamic inelastic time history analysis is of the utmost importance especially in near-fault regions where directivity pulses impose extreme demands on structures and cause widespread damages. But due to the scarcity of recorded acceleration time histories, it is common to generate proper artificial ground motions. In this paper an alternative approach is proposed to generate near-fault pulse-like ground motions. A smoothening approach is taken to extract directivity pulses from an ensemble of near-fault pulse-like ground motions. First, it is proposed to simulate nonpulse-type ground motion using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) and Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT). Next, the pulse-like ground motion is produced by superimposing directivity pulse on the previously generated nonpulse-type motion. The main objective of this study is to generate near-field spectrum compatible records. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is employed to optimize both the parameters of pulse model and cluster radius in subtractive clustering and Principle Component Analysis (PCA) is used to reduce the dimension of ANFIS input vectors. Artificial records are generated for the first, second and third level of wavelet packet decomposition. Finally, a number of interpretive examples are presented to show how the method works. The results show that the response spectra of generated records are decently compatible with the target near-field spectrum, which is the main objective of the study.
Y. Sharifi, M. Hosseinpour,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (4-2019)
Abstract

In the current study two methods are evaluated for predicting the compressive strength of concrete containing metakaolin. Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) model and stepwise regression (SR) model are developed as a reliable modeling method for simulating and predicting the compressive strength of concrete containing metakaolin at the different ages. The required data in training and testing state obtained from a reliable data base. Then, a comparison has been made between proposed ANFIS model and SR model to have an idea about the predictive power of these methods.
J. Sobhani, M. Ejtemaei, A. Sadrmomtazi, M. A. Mirgozar,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (4-2019)
Abstract

Lightweight concrete (LWC) is a kind of concrete that made of lightweight aggregates or gas bubbles. These aggregates could be natural or artificial, and expanded polystyrene (EPS) lightweight concrete is the most interesting lightweight concrete and has good mechanical properties. Bulk density of this kind of concrete is between 300-2000 kg/m3. In this paper flexural strength of EPS is modeled using four regression models, nine neural network models and four adaptive Network-based Fuzzy Interface System model (ANFIS). Among these models, ANFIS model with Bell-shaped membership function has the best results and can predict the flexural strength of EPS lightweight concrete more accurately.
 
F. Yosefvand, S. Shabanlou, S. Kardar,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (4-2019)
Abstract

The flow in sewers is a complete three phase flow (air, water and sediment). The mechanism of sediment transport in sewers is very important. In other words, the passing flow must able to wash deposited sediments and the design should be done in an economic and optimized way. In this study, the sediment transport process in sewers is simulated using a hybrid model. In other words, using the Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) and the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm a hybrid algorithm (ANFIS-PSO) is developed for predicting the Froude number of three phase flows. This inference system is a set of if-then rules which is able to approximate non-linear functions. In this model, PSO is employed for increasing the ANFIS efficiency by adjusting membership functions as well as minimizing error values. In fact, the PSO algorithm is considered as an evolutionary computational method for optimizing the process continues and discontinues decision making functions. Additionally, PSO is considered as a population-based search method where each potential solution, known as a swarm, represents a particle of a population. In this approach, the particle position is changed continuously in a multidimensional search space, until reaching the optimal response and or computational limitations. At first, 127 ANFIS-PSO models are defined using parameters affecting the Froude number. Then, by analyzing the ANFIS-PSO model results, the superior model is presented. For the superior model, the Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and the determination coefficient (R2) were calculated equal to 5.929, 0.324 and 0.975, respectively.
M. R. Ghasemi, M. Ghasri , A. H. Salarnia,
Volume 12, Issue 3 (4-2022)
Abstract

Today, due to the complexity of engineering problems and at the same time the advancement of computer science, the use of machine learning (ML) methods and soft computing methods in solving engineering problems has been considered by many researchers. These methods can be used to find accurate estimates for problems in various scientific fields. This paper investigates the effectiveness of the Adaptive Network-Based Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) hybridized with Teaching Learning Based Optimization Algorithm (TLBO), to predict the ultimate strength of columns with square and rectangular cross-sections, confide with various fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets. In previous studies by many researchers, several experiments have been conducted on concrete columns confined by FRP sheets. The results indicate that FRP sheets effectively increase the compressive strength of concrete columns. Comparing the results of ANFIS-TLBO with the experimental findings, which were agreeably consistent, demonstrated the ability of ANFIS-TLBO to estimate the compressive strength of concrete confined by FRP. Also, the comparison of RMSE, SD, and R2 for ANFIS-TLBO and the studies of different researchers show that the ANFIS-TLBO approach has a good performance in estimating compressive strength. For example, the value of R2 in the proposed method was 0.92, while this parameter was 0.87 at best among the previous studies. Also, the obtained error in the prediction of the proposed model is much lower than the obtained error in the previous studies. Hence, the proposed model is more efficient and works better than other techniques.
 

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