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Showing 43 results for Optimal Design

Ali Kaveh, Siamak Talatahari,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (3-2011)
Abstract

Optimal design of large-scale structures is a rather difficult task and the computational efficiency of the currently available methods needs to be improved. In view of this, the paper presents a modified Charged System Search (CSS) algorithm. The new methodology is based on the combination of CSS and Particle Swarm Optimizer. In addition, in order to improve optimization search, the sequence of tasks entailed by the optimization process is changed so that the updating of the design variables can directly be performed after each movement. In this way, the new method acts as a single-agent algorithm while preserving the positive characteristics of its original multi-agent formulation.
S. Shojaee, S. Hasheminasab,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (6-2011)
Abstract

Although Genetic algorithm (GA), Ant colony (AC) and Particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) have already been extended to various types of engineering problems, the effects of initial sampling beside constraints in the efficiency of algorithms, is still an interesting field. In this paper we show that, initial sampling with a special series of constraints play an important role in the convergence and robustness of a metaheuristic algorithm. Random initial sampling, Latin Hypercube Design, Sobol sequence, Hammersley and Halton sequences are employed for approximating initial design. Comparative studies demonstrate that well distributed initial sampling speeds up the convergence to near optimal design and reduce the required computational cost of purely random sampling methodologies. In addition different penalty functions that define the Augmented Lagrangian methods considered in this paper to improve the algorithms. Some examples presented to show these applications.
A. Hadidi, A. Kaveh, B. Farahmand Azar, S. Talatahari, C. Farahmandpour,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (9-2011)
Abstract

In this paper, an efficient optimization algorithm is proposed based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Simulated Annealing (SA) to optimize truss structures. The proposed algorithm utilizes the PSO for finding high fitness regions in the search space and the SA is used to perform further investigation in these regions. This strategy helps to use of information obtained by swarm in an optimal manner and to direct the agents toward the best regions, resulting in possible reduction of the number of particles. To show the computational advantages of the new PSO-SA method, some benchmark numerical examples are studied. The PSO-SA algorithm converges to better or at least the same solutions, while the number of structural analyses is significantly reduced
A. Kaveh, V.r. Mahdavi,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2011)
Abstract

In recent years, the importance of economical considerations in the field of dam engineering has motivated many researchers to propose new methods for minimizing the cost of dames and in particular arch dams. This paper presents a method for shape optimization of double curvature arch dams corresponding to minimum construction cost while satisfying different constraints such as natural frequencies, stability and geometrical limitations. For optimization, the charged system search (CSS) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) are employed. To validate the finite element model, a real arch dam is considered as a test example. The results of the present method are compared to those of other optimization algorithms for the selected example from literature.
A. Kaveh, M. Hassani,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2011)
Abstract

In this paper nonlinear analysis of structures are performed considering material and geometric nonlinearity using force method and energy concepts. For this purpose, the complementary energy of the structure is minimized using ant colony algorithms. Considering the energy term next to the weight of the structure, optimal design of structures is performed. The first part of this paper contains the formulation of the complementary energy of truss and frame structures for the purpose of linear analysis. In the second part material and geometric nonlinearity of structure is considered using Ramberg-Osgood relationships. In the last part optimal simultaneous analysis and design of structure is studied. In each part, the efficiency of the methods is illustrated by means simple examples.
A. Kaveh, T. Bakhshpoori, M. Ashoory,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (3-2012)
Abstract

Different kinds of meta-heuristic algorithms have been recently utilized to overcome the complex nature of optimum design of structures. In this paper, an integrated optimization procedure with the objective of minimizing the self-weight of real size structures is simply performed interfacing SAP2000 and MATLAB® softwares in the form of parallel computing. The meta-heuristic algorithm chosen here is Cuckoo Search (CS) recently developed as a type of population based algorithm inspired by the behavior of some Cuckoo species in combination with the Lévy flight behavior. The CS algorithm performs suitable selection of sections from the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) wide-flange (W) shapes list. Strength constraints of the AISC load and resistance factor design specification, geometric limitations and displacement constraints are imposed on frames. Effective time-saving procedure using simple parallel computing, as well as utilizing reliable analysis and design tool are also some new features of the present study. The results show that the proposed method is effective in optimizing practical structures.
S. Adarsh,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (3-2012)
Abstract

To ensure efficient performance of irrigation canals, the losses from the canals need to be minimized. In this paper a modified formulation is presented to solve the optimization model for the design of different canal geometries for minimum seepage loss, in meta-heuristic environment. The complex non-linear and non-convex optimization model for canal design is solved using a probabilistic search algorithm namely Probabilistic Global Search Lausanne (PGSL). The solutions are found to be competitive to those reported in literature while applied for different example problems. To suit for real field applications, three site specific constraints are considered and the sensitivity of solutions for the most popular trapezoidal canals is investigated. The study shows the potential of the proposed approach to perform optimal design of irrigation canals for minimum seepage loss.
A. Tahershamsia, A. Kaveh, R. Sheikholeslamia , S. Talatahari,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (3-2012)
Abstract

The Big Bang-Big Crunch (BB–BC) method is a relatively new meta-heuristic algorithm which inspired by one of the theories of the evolution of universe. In the BB–BC optimization algorithm, firstly random points are produced in the Big Bang phase then these points are shrunk to a single representative point via a center of mass or minimal cost approach in the Big Crunch phase. In this paper, the BB–BC algorithm is presented for optimal cost design of water distribution systems and employed to optimize different types of hydraulic networks with discrete variables. The results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method compared to other algorithms.
A. Kaveh, P. Zakian,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (7-2012)
Abstract

In this article optimal design of shear walls is performed under seismic loading. For practical aims, a database of special shear walls is created. Special shear walls are used for seismic design optimization employing the charged system search algorithm as an optimizer. Constraints consist of design and performance limitations. Nonlinear behavior of the shear wall is taken into account and performance based seismic design optimization is accomplished. Capacity curves of the optimal solution are determined and compared incorporates soil–structure interaction. Also an optimization based method is proposed for bilinear approximation of capacity curve. These are a new methodology for seismic RC shear wall optimum design.
S.k. Zeng, L.j. Li,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (10-2012)
Abstract

Based on introducing two optimization algorithms, group search optimization (GSO) algorithm and particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm, a new hybrid optimization algorithm which named particle swarm-group search optimization (PS-GSO) algorithm is presented and its application to optimal structural design is analyzed. The PS-GSO is used to investigate the spatial truss structures with discrete variables and is tested by truss optimization problems. The optimization results are compared with that of the HPSO and GSO algorithm. The results show that the PS-GSO is able to accelerate the convergence rate effectively and has the fastest convergence rate among these three algorithms. The research shows the proposed PS-GSO algorithm can be effectively applied to optimal design of spatial structures with discrete variables.
A. Kaveh, V.r Kalatjari, M.h Talebpour , J. Torkamanzadeh,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (3-2013)
Abstract

Different methods are available for simultaneous optimization of cross-section, topology and geometry of truss structures. Since the search space for this problem is very large, the probability of falling in local optimum is considerably high. On the other hand, different types of design variables (continuous and discrete) lead to some difficulties in the process of optimization. In this article, simultaneous optimization of cross-section, topology and geometry of truss structures is performed by utilizing the Multi Heuristic based Search Method (MHSM) that overcome the above mentioned problem and obtains good results. The presented method performs the optimization by dividing the searching space into five subsections in which an MHSM is employed. These subsections are named procedure islands. Some examples are then presented to scrutinize the method more carefully. Results show the capabilities of the present algorithm for optimal design of truss structures.
M. Mohebbi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2013)
Abstract

Tuned mass damper (TMD) have been studied and installed in structures extensively to protect the structures against lateral loads. Multiple tuned mass dampers (MTMDs) which include a number of TMDs with different parameters have been proposed for improving the performance of single TMDs. When the structural system is considered as multiple degrees of freedom (MDOF) and implemented with MTMDs, there is no effective closed-form solution to determine the optimal parameters of MTMDs. On the other hand designing optimal MTMDs include a large number of variables. For optimal design of MTMDs, in this research an effective method has been proposed in which the parameters of TMDs are determined based on minimizing the Hankel’s norm of structure. Since the optimization procedure includes a large number of variables, hence it has been decided to use Genetic Algorithms (GAs) for determining the variables. For numerical simulation, the method has been utilized on an eight-storey shear frame modeled as MDOF, and optimal MTMDs have been designed. The results show that using the Hankel’s norm of structure as objective function has led to design effective MTMDs which could be effective in reducing the response of structure, especially the average value, under different far-field and near-field earthquakes. Also it has been found that the method is effective regarding its simplicity and convergence in solving complex optimization problem. Through extensive numerical analysis the effect of MTMDs mass ratio and TMDs number in MTMDs has been studied.
W. Cheng, F. Liu , L.j. Li,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2013)
Abstract

A novel optimization algorithm named teaching-learning-based optimization (TLBO) algorithm and its implementation procedure were presented in this paper. TLBO is a meta-heuristic method, which simulates the phenomenon in classes. TLBO has two phases: teacher phase and learner phase. Students learn from teachers in teacher phases and obtain knowledge by mutual learning in learner phase. The suitability of TLBO for size and geometry optimization of structures in structural optimal design was tested by three truss examples. Meanwhile, these examples were used as benchmark structures to explore the effectiveness and robustness of TLBO. The results were compared with those of other algorithms. It is found that TLBO has advantages over other optimal algorithms in convergence rate and accuracy when the number of variables is the same. It is much desired for TLBO to be applied to the tasks of optimal design of engineering structures.
M. H. Makiabadi, A. Baghlani, H. Rahnema , M. A. Hadianfard,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2013)
Abstract

In this study, teaching-learning-based optimization (TLBO) algorithm is employed for the first time for optimization of real world truss bridges. The objective function considered is the weight of the structure subjected to design constraints including internal stress within bar elements and serviceability (deflection). Two examples demonstrate the effectiveness of TLBO algorithm in optimization of such structures. Various design groups have been considered for each problem and the results are compared. Both tensile and compressive stresses are taken into account. The results show that TLBO has a great intrinsic capability in problems involving nonlinear design criteria.
A. Kaveh, B. Mirzaei, A. Jafarvand,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (10-2013)
Abstract

The objective of this paper is to present an optimal design for single-layer barrel vault frames via improved magnetic charged system search (IMCSS) and open application programming interface (OAPI). The IMCSS algorithm is utilized as the optimization algorithm and the OAPI is used as an interface tool between analysis software and the programming language. In the proposed algorithm, magnetic charged system search (MCSS) and improved harmony search (IHS) are utilized to achieve a good convergence and good solutions especially in final iterations. The results confirm the efficiency of OAPI as a powerful interface tool in the analysis process of barrel vault structures and also the ability of IMCSS algorithm in fast convergence and achieving optimal results.
J. Jin, L.j. Li, J.n. He,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2014)
Abstract

A quick group search optimizer (QGSO) is an intelligent optimization algorithm which has been applied in structural optimal design, including the hinged spatial structural system. The accuracy and convergence rate of QGSO are feasible to deal with a spatial structural system. In this paper, the QGSO algorithm optimization is adopted in seismic research of steel frames with semi-rigid connections which more accurately reflect the practical situation. The QGSO is combined with the constraint from the penalty coefficients and dynamic time-history analysis. The performance of the QGSO on seismic design has been tested on a two-bay five-layer steel frame in this paper. The result shows that, compared with the PSO algorithm, the QGSO algorithm has better performance in terms of convergence rate and the ability to escape from local optimums. Moreover, it is feasible and effective to apply the QGSO to the seismic optimal design of steel framework.
M. Mohebbi, S. Moradpour , Y. Ghanbarpour,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2014)
Abstract

In this research, optimal design and assessment of multiple tuned mass dampers (MTMDs) capability in mitigating the damage of nonlinear steel structures subjected to earthquake excitation has been studied. Optimal parameters of TMDs on nonlinear multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) structures have been determined based on minimizing the maximum relative displacement (drift) of structure where for solving the optimization problem the genetic algorithm (GA) has been used successfully. For numerical analysis, three and nine storey 2-D moment resisting nonlinear steel frames subjected to far-field and near-field earthquakes and optimal MTMDs has been designed for different values of mass ratio and TMDs number. According to the results of numerical simulations, it can be said that MTMDs mechanism could reduce the damage of nonlinear steel structures where the effectiveness increases by increasing TMDs mass ratio. Also the performance of MTMDs depends on earthquake characteristics, mass ratio and TMDs configuration where in this research the effective case has been locating TMDs on top floor in parallel configuration.
M. Mohebbi , A. Bagherkhani,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2014)
Abstract

In the area of semi-active control of civil structures, Magneto-Rheological (MR) damper has been an efficient mechanism for reducing the seismic response of structures. In this paper, an effective method based on defining an optimization problem for designing MR dampers has been proposed. In the proposed method, the parameters of semi-active control system are determined so that the maximum response of structure is minimized. To solve the optimization problem, the Genetic algorithm (GA) has been utilized. The modified Bouc-Wen model has been used to represent the dynamic behavior of MR damper while to determine the input voltage at any time step, the clipped optimal control algorithm with LQR controller has been applied. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, a ten-storey shear frame subjected to the El-Centro excitation and for two different kinds of objective functions, optimal MR dampers have been designed. Then the performance of optimal MR damper has been tested under different excitations. The results of the numerical simulations have shown the effectiveness of the proposed method in designing optimal MR dampers that have the capability of reducing the response of the structures up to a significant level. In addition, the effect of selecting a proper objective function to achieve the best performance of MR dampers in decreasing different responses of structure has been shown.
S. Gholizadeh , H. Asadi , A. Baghchevan,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2014)
Abstract

The main aim of the present paper is to propose efficient multi-objective optimization algorithms (MOOAs) to tackle truss structure optimization problems. The proposed meta-heuristic algorithms are based on the firefly algorithm (FA) and bat algorithm (BA), which have been recently developed for single-objective optimization. In order to produce a well distributed Pareto front, some improvements are implemented on the basic algorithms. The proposed MOOAs are examined for three truss optimization problems, and the results are compared to those of some other well-known methods. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed MOOAs possess better computational performance compared to the other algorithms.
A. Kaveh , V.r. Mahdavi,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (11-2014)
Abstract

In this paper, optimal design of arch dams is performed under frequency limitations. Colliding Bodies Optimization (CBO), a recently developed meta-heuristic optimization method, which has been successfully applied to several structural problems, is revised and utilized for finding the best feasible shape of arch dams. The formulation of CBO is derived from one-dimensional collisions between bodies, where each agent solution is considered as the massed object or body. The design procedure aims to obtain minimum weight of arch dams subjected to natural frequencies, stability and geometrical limitations. Two arch dam examples from the literature are examined to verify the suitability of the design procedure and to demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of the CBO in creating optimal design for arch dams. The results of the examples show that CBO is a powerful method for optimal design of arch dams.

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