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Showing 5 results for Gsa

J. Salajegheh, S. Khosravi,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2011)

A hybrid meta-heuristic optimization method is introduced to efficiently find the optimal shape of concrete gravity dams including dam-water-foundation rock interaction subjected to earthquake loading. The hybrid meta-heuristic optimization method is based on a hybrid of gravitational search algorithm (GSA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO), which is called GSA-PSO. The operation of GSA-PSO includes three phases. In the first phase, a preliminary optimization is accomplished using GSA as local search. In the second phase, an optimal initial swarm is produced using the optimum result of GSA. Finally, PSO is employed to find the optimum design using the optimal initial swarm. In order to reduce the computational cost of dam analysis subject to earthquake loading, weighted least squares support vector machine (WLS-SVM) is employed to accurately predict dynamic responses of gravity dams. Numerical results demonstrate the high performance of the hybrid meta-heuristic optimization for optimal shape design of concrete gravity dams. The solutions obtained by GSA-PSO are compared with those of GSA and PSO. It is revealed that GSA-PSO converges to a superior solution compared to GSA and PSO, and has a lower computation cost.
M. Shahrouziand , S. Sardarinasab,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (1-2015)

For most practical purposes, true topology optimization of a braced frame should be synchronized with its sizing. An integrated layout optimization is formulated here to simultaneously account for both member sizing and bracings’ topology in such a problem. Code-specific seismic design spectrum is applied to unify the earthquake excitation. The problem is solved for minimal structural weight under codified stress, deformation and also user-defined weak-storey and architectural constraints. Particle swarm optimization is hybridized with an extra memory consideration strategy to solve this problem. As another issue, Baldwin effect of memetic algorithm is utilized in the proposed method to enhance its search capability regarding the geometrical and topological constraints. Treating a number of planar braced frames revealed superior performance of the proposed hybrid method partiqularly in avoiding premature convergence over the common particle swarm optimiztion for such a discrete problem.
M. Mashayekhi, E. Salajegheh , M. Dehghani,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (8-2015)

In this paper, for topology optimization of double layer grids, an efficient optimization method is presented by combination of Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA) and Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) which is called ICA-GSA method. The present hybrid method is based on ICA but the moving of countries toward their relevant imperialist is done using the law of gravity of GSA. In topology optimization process, the weight of the structure is minimized subjected to displacements of joints, internal stress and slenderness ratio of members constraints. Through numerical example, topology optimization of a typical large-scale double layer grid is obtained by ICA, GSA and ICA-GSA methods. The numerical results indicate that the proposed algorithm, ICA-GSA, executes better than ICA, GSA and the other methods presented in the literatures for topology optimization of largescale skeletal structures.
M. Khatibinia, H. Chiti, A. Akbarpour , H. R. Naseri,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (1-2016)

This study focuses on the shape optimization of concrete gravity dams considering dam–water–foundation interaction and nonlinear effects subject to earthquake. The concrete gravity dam is considered as a two–dimensional structure involving the geometry and material nonlinearity effects. For the description of the nonlinear behavior of concrete material under earthquake loads, the Drucker–Prager model based on the associated flow rule is adopted in this study. The optimum design of concrete gravity dams is achieved by the hybrid of an improved gravitational search algorithm (IGSA) and the orthogonal crossover (OC), called IGSA–OC. In order to reduce the computational cost of optimization process, the support vector machine approach is employed to approximate the dam response instead of directly evaluating it by a time–consuming finite element analysis. To demonstrate the nonlinear behavior of concrete material in the optimum design of concrete gravity dams, the shape optimization of a real dam is presented and compared with that of dam considering linear effect.
M. Goharriz , S. M. Marandi,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (9-2016)

During an earthquake, significant damage can result due to instability of the soil in the area affected by internal seismic waves. A liquefaction-induced lateral ground displacement has been a very damaging type of ground failure during past strong earthquakes. In this study, neuro-fuzzy group method of data handling (NF-GMDH) is utilized for assessment of lateral displacement in both ground slope and free face conditions. The NF-GMDH approach is improved using gravitational search algorithm (GSA). Estimation of the lateral ground displacements requires characterization of the field conditions, principally seismological, topographical and geotechnical parameters. The comprehensive database was used for development of the model obtained from different earthquakes. Contributions of the variables influencing the lateral ground displacement are evaluated through a sensitivity analysis. Performance of the NF-GMDH-GSA models are compared with those obtained from gene-expression programming (GEP) approach, and empirical equations in terms of error indicators parameters and the advantages of the proposed models over the conventional method are discussed. The results showed that the models presented in this research may serve as reliable tools to predict lateral ground displacement. It is clear that a precise correlation is easier to be used in the routine geotechnical projects compared with the field measurement techniques.

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