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Showing 5 results for Bridge

M. H. Makiabadi, A. Baghlani, H. Rahnema , M. A. Hadianfard,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2013)

In this study, teaching-learning-based optimization (TLBO) algorithm is employed for the first time for optimization of real world truss bridges. The objective function considered is the weight of the structure subjected to design constraints including internal stress within bar elements and serviceability (deflection). Two examples demonstrate the effectiveness of TLBO algorithm in optimization of such structures. Various design groups have been considered for each problem and the results are compared. Both tensile and compressive stresses are taken into account. The results show that TLBO has a great intrinsic capability in problems involving nonlinear design criteria.
M. A. Shayanfar, A. Kaveh, O. Eghlidos , B. Mirzaei,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2016)

In  this  paper,  a  method  is  presented  for  damage  detection  of  bridges  using  the  Enhanced Colliding Bodies Optimization (ECBO)  utilizing time-domain responses. The finite element modeling of the structure is based on  the equation of motion under the moving load, and the flexural stiffness of the structure is determined by the acceleration responses obtained via sensors placed in different places. Damage detection problem presented in this research is an inverse  problem,  which  is  optimized  by  the  ECBO  algorithm,  and  the  damages  in  the structures  are  fully  detected.  Furthermore,  for  simulating  the  real  situation,  the  effect  of measured noises is considered on the structure, to obtain more accurate results.

M. Venkata Rao, P. Rama Mohan Rao,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (10-2016)

In this paper, two different data driven models, genetic programming (GP) and multivariate adoptive regression splines (MARS), have been adopted to create the models for prediction of bridge risk score. Input parameters of bridge risks consists of safe risk rating (SRR), functional risk rating (FRR), sustainability risk rating (SUR), environmental risk rating (ERR) and target output. The total dataset contains 66 bridges data in which 70% of dataset is taken as training and the remaining 30% is considered for testing dataset. The accuracy of the models are determined from the coefficient of determination (R2). If the R2 the testing model is close to the R2 value of the training model, that particular model is to be consider as robust model. The modeling mechanisms and performance is quite different for both the methods hence comparative study is carried out. Thus concluded robust models performance based on the R2 value, is checked with mathematical statistical equations.  In this study both models were performed, examined and compared the results with mathematical methods successfully. From this work, it is found that both the proposed methods have good capability in predestining the results. Finally, the results reveals that genetic Programming is marginally outperforms over the MARS technique.

M. Khatibinia, H. Gholami, S. F. Labbafi,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (10-2016)

Tuned  mass  dampers  (TMDs)  are  as  a  efficient  control  tool  in  order  to  reduce  undesired vibrations  of  tall  buildings  and  large–span  bridges  against  lateral  loads  such  as  wind  and earthquake. Although many researchers has been widely  investigated  TMD systems  due to its  simplicity  and  application,  the  optimization  of  parameters  and  placement  of  TMD  are challenging tasks. Furthermore, ignoring the effects of soil–structure interaction (SSI) may lead to unrealistic desig of structure and its dampers. Hence, the  effects of SSI should be considered  in  the  design  of  TMD.  Therefore,  the  main  aim  of  this  study  is  to  optimize parameters  of  TMD  subjected  to  earthquake  and  considering  the  effects  of  SSI.  In  this regard,  the  parameters  of  TMD  including  mass,  stiffness  and   damping  optimization  are considered  as  the  variables  of  optimization.  The  maximum  absolute  displacement  and acceleration of structure are also simultaneously selected as objective functions. The multi –objective particle  swarm optimization  (MOPSO) algorithm  is adopted  to find  the  optimal parameters  of  TMD.  In  this  study,  the  Lagrangian  method  is  utilized  for  obtaining  the equations of motion for SSI system, and the time domain analysis is implemented based on Newmark method. In order to investigate the effects of SSI in the optimal design of TMD, a 40 storey shear building with a TMD subjected to the El–Centro earthquake is considered. The  numerical  results  show  that  the  SSI  effects  have  the  significant  influence  on  the optimum parameters of TMD.

H. Fazli, A. Pakbaz,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (10-2018)

In this paper an optimization framework is presented for automated performance-based seismic design of bridges consisting of multi-column RC pier substructures. The beneficial effects of fusing components on seismic performance of the quasi-isolated system is duly addressed in analysis and design. The proposed method is based on a two-step structural analysis consisting of a linear modal dynamic demand analysis and a nonlinear static capacity evaluation of the entire bridge structure. Results indicate that the proposed optimization method is capable of producing cost-effective design solutions combining the fusing behavior of bearings and yielding mechanism of piers. The optimal designs obtained from models addressing the performance of fusing components are far more efficient than those that do not take care of quasi-isolation behavior. 

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