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Showing 11 results for Ghodrati Amiri

A. Bagheria, G. Ghodrati Amirib, M. Khorasanib , J. Haghdoust,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2011)

The main objective of this study is to present new method on the basis of genetic algorithms for attenuation relationship determination of horizontal peak ground acceleration and spectral acceleration. The proposed method employs the optimization capabilities of genetic algorithm to determine the coefficients of attenuation relationships of peak ground and spectral accelerations. This method has been applied to 361 Iranian earthquake records with magnitudes between 4.5 and 7.4 obtained from two seismic zones, namely Zagros and Alborz-Central Iran. The obtained results indicated that the proposed method can be characterized as a powerful tool for prediction horizontal peak ground and spectral accelerations.
G. Ghodrati Amiri, P. Namiranian,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (3-2013)

The main objective of this paper is to use ant optimized neural networks to generate artificial earthquake records. In this regard, training accelerograms selected according to the site geology of recorder station and Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT) used to decompose these records. Then Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) optimized with Ant Colony Optimization and resilient Backpropagation algorithm and learn to relate the dimension reduced response spectrum of records to their wavelet packet coefficients. Trained ANNs are capable to produce wavelet packet coefficients for a specified spectrum, so by using inverse WPT artificial accelerograms obtained. By using these tools, the learning time of ANNs reduced salient and generated accelerograms had more spectrum-compatibility and save their essence as earthquake accelerograms.
A. Zare Hosseinzadeh, A. Bagheri, G. Ghodrati Amiri,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (10-2013)

In this paper, a two-stage method for damage detection and estimation in tall shear frames is presented. This method is based on the first mode shape of a shear frame. We demonstrate that the first mode shape slope is very sensitive to the story stiffness. Thus, at the first stage, by using the grey system theory on the first mode shape slope, damage locations are identified in shear frames. Damage severity is determined at the second stage by defining the damage detection problem as an optimization problem by using grey relation coefficients. The optimization problem is solved by a socio-politically motivated global search strategy which is the imperialist competitive algorithm. The efficiency and robustness of the proposed method for the identification and estimation of damages in tall shear frames were studied by using two numerical examples. In addition, the capability of the presented method in real conditions was demonstrated by contaminating of modal data with different levels of random noises. All the obtained results from the numerical studies are shown the good performance of the presented method in the damage localization and quantification of tall buildings.
G. Ghodrati Amiri, K. Iraji , P. Namiranian,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2014)

The Hartley transform, a real-valued alternative to the complex Fourier transform, is presented as an efficient tool for the analysis and simulation of earthquake accelerograms. This paper is introduced a novel method based on discrete Hartley transform (DHT) and radial basis function (RBF) neural network for generation of artificial earthquake accelerograms from specific target spectrums. Acceleration time histories of horizontal earthquake ground motion are obtained by the capability of learning of RBF neural network to expand the knowledge of the inverse mapping from the response spectrum to earthquake accelerogram. In the first step, Hartley transform is used to decompose earthquake accelerograms, then a RBF neural network is trained to learn to relate the response spectrum to Hartley spectrum. Finally, the generated accelerogram using inverse discrete Hartley transform is obtained from target spectrum. Approximately 200 uniformly scaled horizontal ground motion records from recent Iran’s earthquakes are used to decompose with real Hartley transform and train networks.
G. Ghodrati Amiri, M. Talebi,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2014)

With the development of the technology and increase of human dependency on structures, healthy structures play an important role in people lives and communications. Hence, structural health monitoring has been attracted strongly in recent decades. Improvement of measuring instruments made signal processing as a powerful tool in structural heath monitoring. Wavelet transform invention causes a great evolution in signal processing. Wavelet transform decomposes a signal into several groups based on scaled and translated basic functions. In this study, a novel methodology based on wavelet transform using complex Morlet wavelet has been introduced for system identification. This process includes a multivariable constrained optimization problem for selecting suitable complex Morlet wavelet. Using selected wavelet, modal parameters and flexibility matrix of structure can be estimated properly. Because of small modal participation of higher mode using finite number of modes leads to flexibility matrix with acceptable accuracy. Since damages cause change in structural properties, a damage index based on flexibility matrix has been applied and its performance has been investigated in some structures.
B. Mohebi, Gh. Ghodrati Amiri, M. Taheri,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (11-2014)

This paper presents a suitable and quick way to choose earthquake records in non-linear dynamic analysis using optimization methods. In addition, these earthquake records are scaled. Therefore, structural responses of three different soil-frame models were examined, the change in maximum displacement of roof was analyzed and the damage index of whole structures was measured. The soil classification of project location was divided into 4 different types according to the velocity of shear waves in the Iranian Code for Seismic Design. As a result, 8 frame models were considered. The selection and scaling were carried out in 2 stages. In the first stage, the matching with design spectrum was carried out using genetic algorithm in order to achieve the mean of structural response. In the second stage, the matching with average of structural responses were carried out using PSO to achieve 1 or 3 accelerograms with related factors in order to be used in structural analysis.
G. Ghodrati Amiri, A. Zare Hosseinzadeh, S. A. Seyed Razzaghi,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (7-2015)

This paper presents a new model updating approach for structural damage localization and quantification. Based on the Modal Assurance Criterion (MAC), a new damage-sensitive cost function is introduced by employing the main diagonal and anti-diagonal members of the calculated Generalized Flexibility Matrix (GFM) for the monitored structure and its analytical model. Then, the cost function is solved by Democratic Particle Swarm Optimization (DPSO) algorithm to achieve the optimal solution of the problem lead to damage identification. DPSO is a modified version of standard PSO algorithm which is developed for presenting a fast speed evolutionary optimization strategy. The applicability of the method is demonstrated by studying three numerical examples which consists of a ten-story shear frame, a plane steel truss and a plane steel frame. Several challenges such as the efficiency of the DPSO algorithm in comparison with other evolutionary optimization approaches for solving the inverse problem, impacts of random noise in input data on the reliability of the presented method, and effects of the number of available modal data for damage identification, are studied. The obtained results reveal good, robust and stable performance of the presented method for structural damage identification using only the first several modes’ data.
A. Zare Hosseinzadeh, G. Ghodrati Amiri, S. A. Seyed Razzaghi,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2016)

In  this  paper  a  new  method  is  presented  for  structural  damage  identification.  First,  the damaged structure is  excited by short  duration impact acceleration  and then, the  recorded structural displacement time history responses under free vibration conditions are analyzed by Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) and Wavelet Residual Force (WRF) is calculated. Finally, an effective damage-sensitive index is proposed to localize structural damage with a high  level  of  accuracy.  The  presented  method  is  applied  to  three  numerical  examples, namely  a  fifteen-story  shear  frame,  a  concrete  cantilever  beam  and  a  four-story,  two-bay plane steel frame, under different damage patterns, to detect structural damage either in free noise or noisy states. In addition, some comparative studies are carried out to compare the presented  index  with  other  relative  indices.  Obtained  results,  not  only  illustrate  the  good performance of the presented approach for damage identification in engineering structures, but  also  introduce  it  as  a  stable  and  viable  strategy  especially  when  the  input  data  are contaminated with different levels of random noises.

A. Ghadimi Hamzehkolaei, A. Zare Hosseinzadeh , G. Ghodrati Amiri,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (10-2016)

Presenting structural damage detection problem as an inverse model-updating approach is one of the well-known methods which can reach to informative features of damages. This paper proposes a model-based method for fault prognosis in engineering structures. A new damage-sensitive cost function is suggested by employing the main concepts of the Modal Assurance Criterion (MAC) on the first several modes’ data. Then, Chaotic Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (CICA), a modified version of the original Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA) which has recently been developed for optimal design of complex trusses, is employed for solving the suggested cost function. Finally, the optimal solution of the problem is reported as damage detection results. The efficiency of the proposed method for damage identification is evaluated by studying three numerical examples of structures. Several single and multiple damage patterns are simulated and different number of modal data are utilized as input data (in noise free and noisy states) for damage detection via suggested method. Moreover, different comparative studies are carried out for evaluating the preference of the suggested method. All the obtained results emphasize the high level of accuracy of the suggested method and introduce it as a viable method for identifying not only damage locations, but also damage severities.

B. Ganjavi, G. Ghodrati Amiri,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (8-2018)

In this study, constant-ductility optimization algorithm under a family of earthquake ground motions is utilized to achieve uniform damage distribution over the height of steel moment resisting frames (SMRFs). SMRF structures with stiffness-degrading hysteric behavior are modeled as single-bay generic frame in which the plastic hinge is confined only at the beam ends and the bottom of the first story columns. Several SMRFs having different fundamental periods and number of stories are optimized such that a uniform story damage (ductility demand) is obtained under a given earthquake ground motion. Then, the optimum lateral load pattern derived from the optimization process is compared with that of the design load pattern proposed by the latest version of the Iranian code of practice, Standard No. 2800 to evaluate the adequacy of the seismic code design pattern. Results of this study indicate that, generally, the average story shear strength profiles corresponding to the optimum seismic design are significantly different from those of the Standard No. 2800 story shear strength pattern. In fact, the height-wise distribution of story ductility demands resulted from utilizing code-based design lateral load pattern are very non-uniform when compared to the corresponding optimum cases. In addition, a significant dependency is found between the average story shear strength pattern and inelastic behavior of structural elements.
B. Ganjavi, G. Ghodrati Amiri,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (1-2019)

In the present study, ten steel-moment resisting frames (SMRFs) having different numbers of stories ranging from 3 to 20 stories and fundamental periods of vibration ranging from 0.3 to 3.0 second were optimized subjected to a set of earthquake ground motions using the concept of uniform damage distribution along the height of the structures. Based on the step-by-step optimization algorithm developed for uniform damage distribution, ductility-dependent strength reduction factor spectra were computed subjected to a given far-fault earthquake ground motion. Then, the mean ductility reduction factors subjected to 20 strong ground motions were computed and compared with those designed based on load pattern of ASCE-7-16 (similar to standard No. 2800) code provision. Results obtained from parametric studies indicate that, except in short-period structures, for moderate and high levels of inelastic demand the structures designed based on optimum load pattern with uniform damage distribution along the height require larger seismic design base shear strength when compared to the frames designed based on the code provisions, which is more pronounced for long-period structures i.e., the structural system becomes more flexible. This phenomenon can be associated to the P-delta effect tending to increase the story drift ratios of flexible structures, especially at the bottom stories. For practical purpose, a simplified expression which is a function of fundamental period and ductility demand to estimate ductility-dependent strength reduction factors of designed SMRFs according to code-based lateral load pattern is proposed.

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