International Journal of Optimization in Civil Engineering
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir
Iran University of Science & Technology - Journal articles for year 2022, Volume 12, Number 2Yektaweb Collection - https://yektaweb.comen2022/4/12SEQUENTIAL PENALTY HANDLING TECHNIQUES FOR SIZING DESIGN OF PIN-JOINTED STRUCTURES BY OBSERVER-TEACHER-LEARNER-BASED OPTIMIZATION
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=512&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times="">Despite comprehensive literature works on developing fitness-based optimization algorithms, their performance is yet challenged by constraint handling in various engineering tasks. The present study, concerns the widely-used external penalty technique for sizing design of pin-jointed structures. Observer-teacher-learner-based optimization is employed here since previously addressed by a number of investigators as a powerful meta-heuristic algorithm. Several cases of penalty handling techniques are offered and studied using either maximum or summation of constraint violations as well as their combinations. Consequently, the most successive sequence, is identified for the treated continuous and discrete structural examples. Such a dynamic constraint handling is an affordable generalized solution for structural sizing design by iterative population-based algorithms.</span></span><br>
M. ShahrouziCOMPARISON OF RELIABILITY BASED AND DISPLACEMENT BASED OPTIMIZATION OF TUNED MASS DAMPERS REGARDING UNCERTAINTY
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=513&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="text-autospace:none"><span style="font-family:"Times New Roman","serif""><span style="color:black">Some structural control systems have been devised to protect structures against earthquakes, which the tuned mass damper (TMD) being one of the earliest. The effect of a tuned mass damper depends on its properties, such as mass, damping coefficient, and stiffness. The parameters of tuned mass dampers need to be tuned based on the main system and applied load. In most of the papers, the parameters of TMDs have been tuned based on the nominal parameters of structures. Also, most of the studies considered the minimization of maximum displacement of structure as the objective function of optimizing the parameters of tuned mass dampers. In this study, according to the Monte Carlo method and using the Mouth Brooding Fish algorithm, TMDs have been optimized based on the reliability of structures regarding the uncertain parameters of buildings, and their efficiency in the reduction of maximum displacement and failure probability of hundreds generated buildings with uncertain parameters, are compared with the efficiency of the displacement-based optimized TMDs. The results show that the TMDs optimized regarding uncertainty have better efficiency in reducing the maximum displacement, and failure probability of buildings than the TMDs optimized regarding nominal parameters of buildings. Also, according to the results, the displacement-based optimized TMDs regarding uncertainty show better efficiency in reducing the failure probability and displacement of the buildings than reliability-based optimized TMDs.</span></span></span></span></span><br>
M. RoozbahanAPPLICATION OF NEURAL NETWORK IN EVALUATION OF SEISMIC CAPACITY FOR STEEL STRUCTURES UNDER CRITICAL SUCCESSIVE EARTHQUAKES
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=514&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="text-autospace:none"><span style="font-family:"Times New Roman","serif""><span style="color:black">Depending on the tectonic activities, most buildings subject to multiple earthquakes, while a single design earthquake is suggested in most seismic design codes. Perhaps, the lack of easy assessment to second shock information and sometimes use of inappropriate methods in estimating these features cause successive earthquakes mainly were ignored in the analysis procedure. In order to overcome to above deficiencies, the learning abilities of artificial neural networks (ANNs) are used in two steps to evaluate the seismic capacity of steel frames consisting moment-resisting frames, ordinary concentrically, and buckling restrained brace (BRB) under critical consecutive earthquakes. For this purpose, peak ground acceleration of second shock (PGA<sub>a</sub>) is estimated based on the first shock features in the first step. Next, second ANNs estimate the decreased capacity of the damaged structure for LS and CP performance level according to the proposed PGA<sub>a</sub> from the previous step and some seismic and structural features. The results indicate that ANNs are trained to generalize the unseen information very well and reﬂect good precision in predicting target results in both steps. Finally, the effect of different parameters and repeated shocks is investigated on the seismic performance of mentioned frames. The results show the proper performance of BRB frames in the case of real and repeated earthquakes.</span></span></span></span></span><br>
Gh. Ghodrati AmiriRELIABILITY-BASED MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMAL DESIGN OF SPATIAL TRUSSES USING GAME THEORY AND GA
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=515&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="text-autospace:none"><span style="font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"">This paper introduces a reliability-based multi-objective design method for spatial truss structures. A multi-objective optimization problem has been defined considering three conflicting objective functions including truss weight, nodal deflection, and failure probability of the entire truss structure with design variables of cross sectional area of the truss members. The failure probability of the entire truss system has been determined considering the truss structure as a series system. To this end, the uncertainties of the applied load and the resistance of the truss members have been accounted by generating a set of 50 random numbers. The limitations of members' allowable have been defined as constraints. To explain the methodology, a 25-bar benchmark spatial truss has been considered as the case study structure and has been optimally designed using the game theory concept and genetic algorithm (GA). The results show effectiveness and simplicity of the proposed method which can provide Pareto optimal solution. These optimal solutions can provide both safety and reliability for the truss structure.</span></span></span></span><br>
A. KeyhaniOPTIMAL DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE ONE-WAY RIBBED SLABS USING IMPROVED TIME EVOLUTIONARY OPTIMIZATION
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=516&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"">In this paper, a new robust metaheuristic optimization algorithm called improved time evolutionary optimization (ITEO) is applied to design reinforced concrete one-way ribbed slabs. Geometric and strength characteristics of concrete slabs are considered as design variables. The optimal design is such that in addition to achieving the minimum cost, all design constraints are satisfied under American Concrete Institute’s ACI 318-05 Standard. So, the numerical examples considered in this study have a large number of design variables and design constraints that make it complicated to converge the global optimal design. The ITEO has an excellent balance between the two phases of exploration and extraction and it has a high ability to find the optimal point of such problems. The comparison results between the ITEO and some other metaheuristic algorithms show the proposed method is competitive compared to others, and in some cases, superior to some other available metaheuristic techniques in terms of the faster convergence rate, performance, robustness of finding an optimal design solution, and needs a smaller number of function evaluations for designing considered constrained engineering problems.</span></span><br>
Sh. BijariKNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT TO INVESTIGATE THE FAILURE FACTORS IN MANAGING OF GAS AND OIL INDUSTRY TRANSMISSION LINES PROJECTS
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=517&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"">In this study the challenges of managing the civil projects in oil and gas industry over recent years that failed were investigated. For this purpose, the relevant cases and their effectiveness were categorized by analyzing research data obtained from the questionnaire results. The results obtained from the research showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between the project management knowledge and reduction in the challenges. Lack of attention to the project's feasibility study before starting the project, adverse risks at the beginning and end of the projects, proper knowledge of contracts, and the project team's skill are the items that will fail the project if they are not appropriately managed. Since the team's correct design and the key persons of the project and before that feasibility and the necessity of doing it in vital projects in the country are very important and in such a way, the two components studied in this research are derived from the risk management of projects. Considering the importance of this issue as a case study, these cases were investigated in gas pipeline projects in Fars province.</span></span><br>
A. LorkSIMULATED ANNEALING ALGORITHM FOR SELECTING SUBOPTIMAL CYCLE BASIS OF A GRAPH
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=518&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"">The cycle basis of a graph arises in a wide range of engineering problems and has a variety of applications. Minimal and optimal cycle bases reduce the time and memory required for most of such applications. One of the important applications of cycle basis in civil engineering is its use in the force method to frame analysis to generate sparse flexibility matrices, which is needed for optimal analysis.</span></span><br>
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"">In this paper, the simulated annealing algorithm has been employed to form suboptimal cycle basis. The simulated annealing algorithm works by using local search generating neighbor solution, and also escapes local optima by accepting worse solutions. The results show that this algorithm can be used to generate suboptimal and subminimal cycle bases. Compared to the existing heuristic algorithms, it provides better results. One of the advantages of this algorithm is its simplicity and its ease for implementation.</span></span><br>
A. KavehQUANTUM VERSION OF TEACHING-LEARNING-BASED OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM FOR OPTIMAL DESIGN OF CYCLIC SYMMETRIC STRUCTURES SUBJECT TO FREQUENCY CONSTRAINTS
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=519&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="text-autospace:none"><span style="font-family:"Times New Roman","serif""><span lang="IT" style="color:black">As a novel strategy, Quantum-behaved particles use uncertainty law and a distinct formulation obtained from solving the time-independent Schrodinger differential equation in the delta-potential-well function to update the solution candidates’ positions. In this case, the local attractors as potential solutions between the best solution and the others are introduced to explore the solution space. Also, the difference between the average and another solution is established as a new step size. In the present paper, the quantum teacher phase is introduced to improve the performance of the current version of the teacher phase of the Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization algorithm (TLBO) by using the formulation obtained from solving the time-independent Schrodinger equation predicting the probable positions of optimal solutions. The results show that QTLBO, an acronym for the Quantum Teaching- Learning- Based Optimization, improves the stability and robustness of the TLBO by defining the quantum teacher phase. The two circulant space trusses with multiple frequency constraints are chosen to verify the quality and performance of QTLBO. Comparing the results obtained from the proposed algorithm with those of the standard version of the TLBO algorithm and other literature methods shows that QTLBO increases the chance of finding a better solution besides improving the statistical criteria compared to the current TLBO. </span></span></span></span></span><br>
A. Kaveh