International Journal of Optimization in Civil Engineering
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir
Iran University of Science & Technology - Journal articles for year 2022, Volume 12, Number 1Yektaweb Collection - https://yektaweb.comen2022/1/11PARAMETRIC STUDY: COST OPTIMIZATION OF NON-PRISMATIC REINFORCED CONCRETE BOX GIRDER BRIDGES WITH DIFFERENT NUMBER OF CELLS
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=501&sid=1&slc_lang=en
In this paper the parametric study is carried out to investigate the effect of number of cells in optimal cost of the non-prismatic reinforced concrete (RC) box girder bridges. The variables are geometry of cross section, tapered length, concrete strength and reinforcement of the box girders and slabs that are obtained using ECBO metaheuristic algorithm. The design is based on AASHTO standard specification. The constraints are the bending and shear strength, geometric limitations and superstructure deflection. The link of CSiBridge and MATLAB software are used for the optimization process. The methodology carried out for two-cell, three-cell and four-cell box girder bridges. The results show that the total cost of the concrete, bars and formwork for two-cell box girder is less than those of the three- and four-cell box girder bridges.A. KavehOPTIMAL DESIGN OF DIAGRID MODULES BY PSEUDO RANDOM DIRECTIONAL SEARCH
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=502&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The present work reveals a problem formulation to minimize material consumption and improve efficiency of diagrids to resist equivalent wind loading. The integrated formulation includes not only sizing of structural members but also variation in geometry and topology of such a system. Particular encoding technique is offered to handle practical variation of diagrid modules. A variant of <em>Pseudo-random Directional Search</em> is utilized to solve this problem treating a number of three dimensional structural models. Several issues are investigated including the effect of variation in the building height, its aspect ratio and fixing or releasing diagrid angles. Consequently, especial trend of variation in diagrid angle is observed with superior structural responses with respect to sizing designs of the fixed-angle modules.M. ShahrouziSEISMIC TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION AND COLLAPSE SAFETY ANALYSIS OF CHEVRON BRACED FRAMES
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=503&sid=1&slc_lang=en
This study is devoted to seismic collapse safety analysis of performance based optimally seismic designed steel chevron braced frame structures. An efficient meta-heuristic algorithm namely, center of mass optimization is utilized to achieve the seismic optimization process. The seismic collapse performance of the optimally designed steel chevron braced frames is assessed by performing incremental dynamic analysis and determining their adjusted collapse margin ratios. Two design examples of 5-, and 10-story chevron braced frames are illustrated. The numerical results demonstrate that all the performance-based optimal designs are of acceptable seismic collapse safety.S. GholizadehSEMI-ACTIVE NEURO-CONTROL FOR MINIMIZING SEISMIC RESPONSE OF BENCHMARK STRUCTURES
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=504&sid=1&slc_lang=en
This article presents numerical studies on semi-active seismic response control of structures equipped with Magneto-Rheological (MR) dampers. A multi-layer artificial neural network (ANN) was employed to mitigate the influence of time delay, This ANN was trained using data from the El-Centro earthquake<span dir="RTL">.</span> The inputs of ANN are the seismic responses of the structure in the current step, and the outputs are the MR damper voltages in the current step. The required training data for the neural controller is generated using genetic algorithm (GA). Using the El-Centro earthquake data, GA calculates the optimal damper force at each time step. The optimal voltage is obtained using the inverse model of the Bouc-Wen based on the predicted force and the corresponding velocity of the MR damper. This data is stored and used to train a multi-layer perceptron neural network. The ANN is then employed as a controller in the structure. To evaluate the efficiency of the proposed method, three- story, seven- story and twenty-story structures with a different number of MR dampers were subjected to the Kobe, Northridge, and Hachinohe earthquakes. The maximum reduction in structural drifts in the three-story structure are 13.05%, 39.90%, 15.89%, and 8.21%, for the El-Centro, Hachinohe, Kobe, and Northridge earthquakes, respectively. As the control structure is using a pre-trained neural network, the computation load in the event of an earthquake is extremely low. Additionally, as the ANN is trained on seismic pre-step data to predict the damper's current voltage, the influence of time lag is also minimized.B. Ahmadi-NedushanDAMAGE DETECTION OF TRUSS STRUCTURES VIA GOLD RUSH OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=505&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The damage identification of truss constructions was investigated in this work. Damage detection is defined through an inverse optimization problem. A function defined as a combination of mode shapes and natural frequencies is examined to minimize damage structures. This guided approach considerably reduces the computational cost and increases the accuracy of optimization. This index mostly exhibits an acceptable performance. Gold Rush Optimization (GRO), an artificial intelligence system based on the power of human thinking and decision-making, was employed to address damage detection. The programming was done in MATLAB. Validation and verification were carried out using a 10, 25, 200, 272, and 582 bar truss. A comparison between the GRO, MCSS, PSO and TLBO is conducted to show the efficiency of the GRO in finding the global optimum. The results show that utilizing the proposed function and the GRO optimization technique to discover truss damaged structure in the quickest time possible is both reliable and stable.M. Sajjad MassoudiA COUPLED METAHEURISTIC ALGORITHM AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR LONG-LEAD STREAM FLOW FORECASTING
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=506&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Reliable and accurate streamflow forecasting plays a crucial role in water resources systems (WRS) especially in dams operation and watershed management. However, due to the high uncertainty associated WRS components and nonlinear nature of streamflow generations, the realistic streamflow forecasts is still one of the most challenging issue in WRS. This paper aimed to forecast one-month ahead streamflow of Karun river (Iran) by coupling an artificial neural network (ANN) with an improved binary version of gravitational search algorithm (IBGSA), named ANN- IBGSA. To this end, the best lag number for each predictor at Poleshaloo station was firstly selected by auto-correlation function (ACF). The ANN-IBGSA was used to minimize the sum of RMSE and R2 and to identify the optimal predictors. Finally, to characterize the hydro-climatic uncertainties associated with the selected predictors, an<br>
implicit approach of Monte-Carlo simulation (MCS) was applied. The ACF plots indicated a significant correlation up to a lag of two months for the input predictors. The ANN-IBGSA identified the Tmean (t-1), Q(t-1) and Q(t) as the best predictors. Findings demonstrated that the ANN-IBGSA forecasts were considerably better than those previously carried out by researchers in 2013. The average improvement values were 9.91%, 11.85% and 9.13% for RMSE, R2 and MAE, respectively. The Monte-Carlo simulations demonstrated that all of forecasted values lie within the 95% confidence intervals.<br>
S. AnvariLARGE-SCALE DOME TRUSS OPTIMIZATION WITH FREQUENCY CONSTRAINTS USING EVPS ALGORITHM
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=507&sid=1&slc_lang=en
In recent years many researchers prefer to use metaheuristic algorithms to reach the optimum design of structures. In this study, an Enhanced Vibrating Particle System (EVPS) is applied to get the minimum weight of large-scale dome trusses under frequency constraints. Vibration frequencies are important parameters, which can be used to control the responses of a structure that is subjected to dynamic excitation. The truss structures were analyzed by finite element method and optimization processes were implemented by the computer program coded in MATLAB. The effectiveness and efficiency of the Enhanced Vibrating Particle System (EVPS) is investigated in three large-scale dome trusses 600-, 1180-, and 1410-bar to obtain the weight optimization with frequency constraints.P. HosseiniTRUSS LAYOUT AND SIZE OPTIMIZATION CONSIDERING DYNAMIC CONSTRAINTS UISNG WATER EVAPORATION OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=508&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Metaheuristics are considered the first choice in addressing structural optimization problems. One of the complicated structural optimization problems is the highly nonlinear dynamic truss shape and size optimization with multiple natural frequency constraints. On the other hand, natural frequency constraints are useful to control the responses of a dynamically exciting structure. In this regard, this study uses for the first time the water evaporation optimization (WEO) algorithm to address this problem. Four benchmark trusses are considered for experimental investigation of the WEO. Obtained results indicate the comparative performance of WEO to the best-known algorithms in this problem, high performance in comparison to those of different optimization techniques, and high performance in comparison to all algorithms in terms of robustness. The simulation results clearly show a good balance between the global and local exploration abilities of WEO and its potential robust efficiency for other complicated constrained engineering optimization problems.T. Bakhshpoori