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Showing 8 results for Divandari

Saghi S., Divandari M., Kharazi Y.h.k.,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (Jan 2004)

The effects of gating system and pattern geometry on the metal flow in the lost foam casting (LFC) process have been investigated using glass covered mold and video recording system. Unlike convectional casting process, the type of the gating system showed little effect on fillability in lost foam, but pattern thickness had large effect on mold filling. The mold filling behavior seems to be controlled by the combined influences of heat and mass transfer. The flow rate increased with increasing pattern thickness.
Kharazi Y.h.k., Divandari M.,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (Oct 2005)

The mold-filling behavior in the casting of aluminum alloy (A413) using lost foam casting (LFC) was explored. The effects of gate numbers, type of gating and casting thickness on the filling behavior were evaluated. Although, unlike convectional casting process, the gating system showed little effect onfilling ability, casting thickness created a greater effect on the mold filling. In contrast with convectional casting process, the mold filling seems to be controlled by castinggeometry as a consequence of combined influence of heat and mass transfer. The melt used to enter from the first gate instead of last gate which is in contrast with convectional casting process.
Arabi H., Divandari M., Hosseini A.h.m.,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (Jul 2006)

In this research the influence of Ti contents on the amounts of inclusions formation and mechanical properties of a high alloy high strength steel, C300, has been investigated. For this purpose several bars were casted under the same solidification conditions, but different amounts of Ti element. All the seven casted bars were homogenized at 1200°C for a period of 2 hours. Then, they were immediately hot rolled after homogenization so that the out rolling temperature was kept in the range of 1000-1200° C. The specimens were then solution annealed at 820°C for hour and finally they were aged for a period of 3 hours at 500°C. The samples were subjected to tensile, impact and hardness tests in order to relate the variation in volume percent of inclusions due to different amount of Ti, to mechanical properties. The results showed that by increasing the amount of Ti a serious decline in toughness properties of the alloy due to increase in inclusion population occurred. So this research provides a very useful information about the relation between volume fraction of inclusions and mechanical properties of a C300 high strength steel.
M. Divandari,, H. Arabi, H. Ghasemi Mianaei,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (Summer 2008 2008)

Abstract: Thermal fatigue is a stochastic process often showing considerable scatter even in controlled environments. Due to complexity of thermal fatigue, there is no a complete analytical solution for predicting the effect of this property on the life of various components, subjected to severe thermal fluctuations. Among these components, one can mention car cylinder, cylinder head and piston which bear damages due to thermal fatigue. All these components are usually produced by casting techniques. In order to comprehend and compare the thermal fatigue resistance of cast Al alloys 356 and 413, this research was designed and performed. For this purpose, several samples in the form of disc were cast from the two alloys in sand mould. The microstructures of the cast samples were studied by light microscopy in order to choose the samples with the least amounts of defects for thermal fatigue tests. The results of thermal fatigue tests showed that the nucleation of microcracks in Al-356 alloy occurred at shorter time relative to those occurred in Al- 413 alloy under the same test conditions. In addition, the density of micro-cracks in Al-356 alloy was more than that of Al-413 alloy. The results of fractography on 356 alloy indicated that the cracks were generally nucleated from inter-dendritic shrinkage porosities and occasionally from the interface of silicon particles with the matrix. The growth of these micro cracks was along the dendrite arms. Fractography of 413 alloy fracture surfaces showed that nucleation of microcracks was often associated with silicon particles.
S. M. M. Shafiei, M. Divandari, S. M. A. Boutorabi, Naghizadeh,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (June 2015)

In this work, TiN/TiCN & PN/TiCN multilayer films were deposited by plasma- assisted chemical vapour deposition (PACVD). Plasma nitriding (PN) and TiN intermediate layer prior to coating leads to appropriate hardness gradient and it can greatly improve the mechanical properties of the coating. The composition, crystalline structure and phase of the films were investigated by X-ray diffraction. Atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were employed to observe the morphology and structure of the films. The TiCN layer exhibited a columnar structure. The adhesion force between the film and the tool steel substrate was 30.8 MPa for TiN/TiCN and 25.4 MPa for PN/TiCN film determined by pull off tests. The hardness of TiN/TiCN film was 12.75 GPa while it was 5.4 GPa for PN/TiCN film, respectively. The improvement of the adhesion in TiN/TiCN was attributed to a less gradient hardness configuration. In addition, the mean friction coefficients of the films were about 0.2 for TiN/TiCN and 0.3 for PN/TiCN film determined by nanoindentation tests.
M. Divandari, M. Mehrabian,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (September 2017)

This paper investigates the difference between thickness of zinc-based alloys oxide films in dynamic condition using the oxide-metal-oxide (OMO) sandwich method and static condition by theoretical calculations. In dynamic condition, the thickness of the oxide film in the OMO sandwich sample was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In the static condition, the thickness and type of the oxide films were studied based on thermodynamic and kinetic estimations. The results showed that the oxide film thickness in molten Zn4Al and ZA27 alloys using OMO sandwich method was estimated to be in the range of 70-200 nm and 30-100 nm, respectively. However, the thickness of oxide films in the static oxidation based on the theoretical calculations, regardless of melt chemical composition, were about 2-5 nm.

M. H. Zamani, M. Divandari, M. Tamizifar,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (March 2018)

Lap joints of commercially pure magnesium plates to aluminium plates (Magnesium plate on the top, and Aluminium plate, grade 1100, on the bottom side) were conducted by friction stir welding using various traveling and rotation speeds of the tool to investigate the effects of the welding parameters on the joint characteristics and strength. Defect-free lap joints were obtained in the welding traveling speed range of 40-80 mm/min, and rotational speed range of 1200-1600 rpm. The shear tensile strength of Mg/Al joints increased as a result of decreasing the welding speed from 120 to 40 mm/min at constant rotation speed of 1600 rpm.  Defects such as surface grooves, excessive flash, tunnels, and voids were observed if the joints prepared out of the mentioned range. The effects of the welding parameters are discussed metallographically based on observations with optical and scanning electron microscopes.

M. Gholami, M. Divandari,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (December 2018)

Centrifugal casting process, in both horizontal and vertical mode, is considered as an efficient method to produce bimetallic components. Al/Cu65Zn35 couples were prepared by the vertical centrifugal casting process. In this study, different volume of molten aluminum having melt-to-solid (m/s) volume ratios (VR) of 1.5 and 2.5, were cast into preheated brass bush rotating at 800, 1600, and 2000 (rpm), respectively. The thickness of the interface, which is composed of three different zones, is depended on the rotational speed and the (VR) and was at least 490µm (at VR=1.5 and 2000 rpm) and at most 1480 µm (at VR=2.5 and 800 rpm). The results of optical microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the interface layers are composed of Al2Cu5Zn4, Al3Cu3Zn, Al2Cu precipitates dispersed in the matrix and finally α-Al/Al2Cu anomalous eutectic structure near the aluminum side. Gas pore entrapment and oxide film entrainment defect was detected within the interface next to the aluminum base metal.

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