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Showing 2 results for Hardness.

A. Karimi Taheri, Kazeminezhad, A. Kiet Tieu,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (6-2007)

Abstract: The theoretical calculation of dislocation density in different regions of a deformed workpiece of 99.99% pure copper has been carried out using different procedures consisting of Finite Element Method (FEM) and hardness measurement. To assess the validity of the results pertaining to these procedures, the dislocation density is experimentally measured utilizing the Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Comparing the predicted and experimental results, it was found that the average error in prediction of the dislocation density by the hardness measurement and FEM is 12% and 2.5%, respectively. Also, for further confirmation of the evaluated dislocation density of each region of the deformed workpiece, the annealing process was carried out and in the region of higher dislocation density, a finer grain size was observed.
H. Aghajani, M. Soltanieh, F. Mahboubi, S. Rastegari and Kh. A. Nekouee,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (3-2009)

Abstract: Formation of a hybrid coating by the use of plasma nitriding and hard chromium electroplating on the surface of H11 hot work tool steel was investigated. Firstly, specimens were plasma nitrided at a temperature of 550 °C for 5 hours in an atmosphere of 25 vol. % H2: 75 vol. % N2. Secondly, electroplating was carried out in a solution containing 250 g/L chromic acid and 2.5 g/L sulphuric acid for 1 hour at 60 °C temperature and 60 A/dm2 current density. Thirdly, specimens were plasma nitrided at a temperature of 550 °C for 5 and 10 hours in an atmosphere of 25 vol. % H2: 75 vol. % N2. The obtained coatings have been compared in terms of composition and hardness. The compositions of the coatings have been studied by X-ray diffraction analysis. The surface morphology and elemental analysis was examined by using scanning electron microscopy. The improvement in hardness distribution after third step is discussed in considering the forward and backward diffusion of nitrogen in the chromium interlayer. Also, the formed phases in the hybrid coating were determined to be CrN+Cr2N+Cr+Fe2-3N+Fe4N.

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