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Showing 4 results for Outsourcing

Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-2020)

In this paper, an integrated mathematical model of the dynamic cell formation and production planning, considering the pricing and advertising decision is proposed. This paper puts emphasis on the effect of demand aspects (e.g., pricing and advertising decisions) along with the supply aspects (e.g., reconfiguration, inventory, backorder and outsourcing decisions) in developed model. Due to imprecise and fuzzy nature of input data such as unit costs, capacities and processing times in practice, a fuzzy multi-objective programming model is proposed to determine the optimal demand and supply variables simultaneously. For this purpose, a fuzzy goal programming method is used to solve the equivalent defuzzified multi-objective model. The objective functions are to maximize the total profit for firm and maximize the utilization rate of machine capacity. The proposed model and solution method is verified by a numerical example.
F. Khaksar-Haghani, N. Javadian, R. Tavakkoli-Moghaddam , A. Baboli , R. Kia,
Volume 22, Issue 3 (9-2011)


  Dynamic cellular manufacturing systems,

  Mixed-integer non-linear programming,

  Production planning, Manufacturing attributes


This paper presents a novel mixed-integer non-linear programming model for the design of a dynamic cellular manufacturing system (DCMS) based on production planning (PP) decisions and several manufacturing attributes. Such an integrated DCMS model with an extensive coverage of important design features has not been proposed yet and incorporates several manufacturing attributes including alternative process routings, operation sequence, processing time, production volume of parts, purchasing machine, duplicate machines, machine depot, machine capacity, lot splitting, material flow conservation equations, inflation coefficient, cell workload balancing, budget constraints for cell construction and machine procurement, varying number of formed cells, worker capacity, holding inventories and backorders, outsourcing part-operations, warehouse capacity, and cell reconfiguration. The objective of the integrated model is to minimize the total costs of cell construction, cell unemployment, machine overhead and machine processing, part-operations setup and production, outsourcing, backorders, inventory holding, material handling between system and warehouse, intra-cell and inter-cell movements, purchasing new machines, and machine relocation/installation/uninstallation. A comprehensive numerical example taken from the literature is solved by the Lingo software to illustrate the performance of the proposed model in handling the PP decisions and to investigate the incorporated manufacturing attributes in an integrated DCMS .

Mahdi Yousefi Nejad Attari, Mohhamad Reza Bageri, Ensiyeh Neishabouri,
Volume 23, Issue 3 (9-2012)

Decision making about outsourcing or insourcing of manufacturing activities is a type of multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) problem, which requires considering quantitative and qualitative factors as evaluation criteria simultaneously. Therefore, a suitable MCDM method can be useful in this area as it can consider the interactions among quantitative and qualitative criteria. The analytic network process (ANP) is a relatively new MCDM method which can deal with different kinds of interactions systematically. Moreover, the Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) method is able to convert the relations between cause and effect of criteria into a visual structural model as well as handling the inner dependences within a set of criteria. However both ANP method and DEMATEL techniques in their original forms are incapable of capturing the uncertainty during value judgment elicitation. To overcome this problem, here, a new and effective model is proposed based on combining fuzzy ANP and fuzzy DEMATEL for decision making about outsourcing or insourcing of manufacturing activities in uncertain conditions. Data from a case study is used to illustrate the usefulness and applicably of the proposed method.
Malieheh Ebrahimi, Reza Tavakkoli-Moghaddam, Fariborz Jolai,
Volume 30, Issue 2 (6-2019)

Customization is increasing so build-to-order systems are given more attention to researchers and practitioners. This paper presents a new build-to-order supply chain model with multiple objectives that minimize the total cost and lead time, and maximize the quality level.  The model is first formulated in a deterministic condition, and then investigated the uncertainty of the cost and quality by the stochastic programming based on the scenario. The return policy and outsourcing are the new issues in a build-to-order supply chain by considering the cost and inventory. A Benders decomposition algorithm is used to solve and validate the model. Finally, the related results are analyzed and compared with the results obtained by CPLEX for deterministic and stochastic models.

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