Search published articles


Showing 5 results for Finite Element Method

M. Haghpanahi, H. Pirali ,
Volume 17, Issue 3 (9-2006)
Abstract

Finite element analysis of a tubular T-joint subjected to various loading conditions including pure axial loading, pure in-plane bending (IPB) and different ratios of axial loading to in-plane bending loading has been carried out. This effort has been established to estimate magnitudes of the peak hot spot stresses (HSS) at the brace/chord intersection and to find the corresponding locations as well, since, in reality, offshore tubular structures are subjected to combined loading, and hence fatigue life of these structures is affected by combined loading. Therefore in this paper, at the first step, stress concentration factors (SCFs) for pure axial loading and in-plane bending loading are calculated using different parametric equations and finite element method (FEM). At the next step, the peak HSS distributions around the brace/chord intersection are presented and verified by the results obtained from the API RP2A Code procedure. Also the locations of the peak hot spot stresses which are the critical points in fatigue life assessment have been predicted. 


M. Nikian, , M. Naghashzadegan, S. K. Arya ,
Volume 17, Issue 3 (9-2006)
Abstract

The cylinder working fluid mean temperature, rate of heat fluxes to combustion chamber and temperature distribution on combustion chamber surface will be calculated in this research. By simulating thermodynamic cycle of engine, temperature distribution of combustion chamber will be calculated by the Crank-Nicolson method. An implicit finite difference method was used in this code. Special treatments for piston movement and a grid transformation for describing the realistic piston bowl shape were designed and utilized. The results were compared with a finite element method and were verified to be accurate for simplified test problems. In addition, the method was applied to realistic problems of heat transfer in an Isuzu Diesel engine, and gave good agreement with available experimental.


A. Ghadiri , H. Heydari ,
Volume 18, Issue 2 (4-2007)
Abstract

 Abstract: Local flux may be distorted in many regions of core, although total flux is usually sinusoidal. When attempting to predict the loss distribution in materials operating under localized distorted flux conditions, which occur in machines and transformer cores, it is essential that proper account of the waveform be taken. Moreover for development of new magnetic materials and generation of better magnetic sheets, it is necessary to implement detailed measurement for their property specifications. One of these property specifications is loss under distorted flux conditions. A high precision Single Sheet Tester (SST) was implemented in which the specification of the sample sheet will be measured by software processing of B and H. The finite element method was used for the magnetic field study. The field distribution was calculated inside and outside the sample, in which way the error was obtained. By different section of the winding in exciting coil the field uniformity was improved and finally the implemented system shows error less than 0.6% in measurement of hysterics loss of magnetic sheets. Loss due to distorted flux was measured for different harmonics and in distinct amplitudes and phases. A range of non-oriented and grain oriented materials were tested under distorted flux waveform condition. For non-oriented sheets loss measured about 10% by applying 15% third harmonic to exciting waveform, while this value was about 25% for many of grain oriented sheets. Moreover, based on implemented measurements, harmonic phase affects on loss and makes about 22% error in loss prediction for non-oriented sheets.

 


M.h. Sadegh, S. Jafari , B. Nasseroleslami ,
Volume 19, Issue 7 (8-2008)
Abstract

Modal parameter extraction of high speed shafts is of critical importance in mechanical design of turbo-pumps. Due to the complex geometry and peripheral components of turbo-pumps, difficulties can arise in determination of modal parameters. In this study, modal properties of a turbo-pump shaft, was studied by experimental modal analysis, and using different excitation techniques. An innovative suspending method is proposed to reduce noise-to-signal ratio, resulting from classic suspensions. Comparison of the experimental results obtained from the proposed suspension method and the traditional ones shows that the proposed approach was a promising method, when classic methods fall short of expectations in analysis of complex structures. To validate the experimental results, numerical solution was carried out using simplified geometric modeling combined with the Finite Element Method. The simplified modeling approach can be considered as a reliable theoretical method for numerical modal analysis of similar structures. Comparison of experimental and numerical results shows that there is a good conformity between the results of two approaches . 


M. Haghpanahi, H. Ghomashchi ,
Volume 19, Issue 7 (8-2008)
Abstract

Nowadays total joint replacements are widely used in the world, so in average 800,000 joint surgeries are done yearly only in Europe and North America. However implant loosening is and remains as the major issue of all implant failures and therefore causes revision surgery procedures. Studies and experiments have identified poor fixation of implants most likely is the main cause of long term implant failure and in this case the cement-implant interface cavities are very effective due to resultant stress concentration . In this study the theory of this problem, continuum and mathematical equations for an inhomogeneous material by using Eshelby’s equivalent inclusion method with a spherical void as a special type of inhomogenities is addressed and a new yield criterion with respect to the void’s volume fraction is derived and changes in material elasticity tensor concerning Mori-Tanaka’s theorem also determined, then by using finite element method and remeshing technique a macro scale cement-implant interface cavity is modeled and concerning the loss of strength due to void existence and the interface stress concentration, the crack initiation and propagation phenomenon is numerically investigated with respect to different orthopedic cement material properties. The results show that crack propagates at the interface at constant stress and strain by elastoplastic material and it propagates in cement bulk by considering elastic material properties for cement that both could cause implant loosening even in very small void’s volume fractions in which there are no significant changes in cement yield stress and elasticity tensor according to analytical solution. But numerical simulation shows that when a homogenous cement structure is achieved via high vacuum mixing method, there is a uniform stress distribution in the cement structure and no stress concentration zone forms even at high stress levels and also there is no appropriate local site for crack initiation.



Page 1 from 1     

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | International Journal of Industrial Engineering & Production Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb