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Showing 2 results for Wastewater Treatment

A. Fraji, Gh. Asadollahfardi, A. Shevidi,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (12-2013)

Secondary clarifiers with large areas are widely applied in wastewater treatment plants. A pilot study was conducted to examine the possibility of applying one and two-stage inclined tube settlers instead of conventional secondary clarifiers. Tube diameter in the first stage of the two-stage settler was wide as the conventional ones, but in the second stage, it was narrow to improve the efficiency. The results indicated that in short detention times, the tube settler was more effective in shorter detention time than the conventional secondary sedimentation basin, and its effluent of TSS and turbidity was acceptable to discharge into the surface waters. The average removal of TSS, BOD5, and COD, in a 20-minute detention time in the tubes, in the one-stage tube settler pilot plants was 97.6%, 96.4%, and 96.36%, respectively, while in the conventional secondary sedimentation basin was 98.2%, 99%, and 98.6%, respectively. There was a good agreement between theoretical analyses and experimental results of the pilot plant. Two-stage tube settlers in the series could improve hydraulic condition and removal efficiency of TSS, in comparison with the one-stage tube settler. The average TSS removal, in shorter detention times than that the one-stage, was 97.8%.
Madhuri Damaraju, Dr Debraj Bhattacharyya, Kiran Kumar Kurilla,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (6-2017)

Manufacturing industries synthesize new chemical products every day, which eventually find their ways into domestic and industrial wastewaters. As a result, wastewater is becoming increasingly more complex in nature. The emerging pollutants escape the treatment systems and appear in the receiving water bodies. Wastewater treatment plants in India still report effluent parameters in terms of BOD and COD at ppm level, whereas these emerging pollutants, many of whom are non-biodegradable, can be toxic and carcinogenic at ppb level. Therefore, it is imperative to look for alternatives or upgrade the existing systems which safely remove these harmful compounds from wastewater. In this research, efficiency of electrocoagulation process was assessed in a laboratory-scale setup in removing recalcitrant carbon from a real wastewater. The wastewater was collected from an effluent treatment plant that receives domestic wastewater and industrial effluents from chemical, bulk drugs and allied industries, for treatment. In this study the wastewater sample was analysed for total dissolved solids (TDS) and total organic carbon (TOC), and then treated biologically in a respirometer using aerobic microorganisms. After the oxygen uptake curve plateaued, indicating a cessation of biological process, the sample was analysed for TDS and TOC and put in a lab-scale electrocoagulation setup. Iron and Aluminium electrodes were used in the study and efficiency of the system in removing the recalcitrant / residual carbon and TDS was studied with respect to the reaction time. The results showed that electrocoagulation can be a potential post-biological treatment system for removal of recalcitrant carbon from wastewaters.

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