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Showing 3 results for Solute Transport

Hasan Ghasemzadeh,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2008)
Abstract

Solute transport in unsaturated porous media can be viewed as a coupled phenomenon with water

and heat transport, together with mechanical behaviour of media. In this paper, solute transport is formulated

mathematically considering heat and water flow in deformable porous media. Advection, dispersion and

diffusion of chemical species in the liquid phase are considered. Convection and conduction for heat flow is

taken into account. Water flow is considered in both vapour and liquid phases. Equilibrium equation, energy

conservation, mass conservation and linear momentum for water, gas and solute are written and solved

simultaneously using finite element method. The developed model is validated by solving some examples and

comparing results with the results of experimental observation.


Y. L. Luo,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (5-2013)
Abstract

The occurrence of piping failures in earth structures demonstrates the urgency and importance of studying piping. With this

intention, a new piping model was developed in the framework of continuum mixture theory. Assuming that porous media are

comprised of solid skeleton phase, fluid phase and fluidized fine particles phase, the fluidized fine particles phase is considered

to be a special solute migrating with the fluid phase. The three phases interact while being constrained by the mass conservation

equations of the three phases, and a sink term was introduced into the mass conservation equation of the solid skeleton phase to

describe the erosion of fluidized fine particles, then a new continuum fluid-particle coupled piping model was established and

validated. The validation indicates that the proposed model can predict the piping development of complicated structures under

complex boundary and flow conditions, and reflect the dynamic changes of porosity, permeability and pore pressure in the

evolution of piping.


A. Eslami, I. Tajvidi, M. Karimpour-Fard,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (1-2014)
Abstract

Three common approaches to determine the axial pile capacity based on static analysis and in-situ tests are presented, compared and evaluated. The Unified Pile Design (UPD), American Petroleum Institute (API) and a SPT based methods were chosen to be validated. The API is a common method to estimate the axial bearing capacity of piles in marine environments, where as the others are currently used by geotechnical engineers. Seventy pile load test records performed in the northern bank of Persian Gulf with SPT profile have been compiled for methods evaluation. In all cases, pile capacities were measured using full scale static compression and/or pull out loading tests. As the loading tests in some cases were in the format of proof test without reaching the plunging or ultimate bearing capacity, for interpretation the results, offset limit load criteria was employed. Three statistical and probability based approaches in the form of a systematic ranking, called Rank Index, RI, were utilized to evaluate the performance of predictive methods. Wasted Capacity Index (WCI) concept was also applied to validate the efficiency of current methods. The evaluations revealed that among these three predictive methods, the UPD is more accurate and cost effective than the others.

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