Search published articles

Showing 3 results for Precast Concrete

R. Vidjeapriya, V. Vasanthalakshmi, K. P. Jaya,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (3-2014)

The present study focuses on the performance of precast concrete beam-column dowel connections subjected to cyclic loading by conducting experiments. In this study, one-third scale model of two types of precast and a monolithic beam-column connection were cast and tested under reverse cyclic loading. The precast connections considered for this study is a beam-column connection where beam is connected to column with corbel using (i) dowel bar and (ii) dowel bar with cleat angle. The experimental results of the precast specimens have been compared with that of the reference monolithic connection. The sub-assemblage specimens have been subjected to reverse cyclic displacement-controlled lateral loading applied at the end of the beam. The performance of the precast connections in terms of the ultimate load carrying capacity, post- elastic strength enhancement factor, load-displacement hysteresis behaviour, moment-rotation hysteresis behaviour, energy dissipation capacity, equivalent viscous damping ratio and ductility factor were compared with that of the monolithic beam-column connection. The monolithic specimen was found to perform better when compared to the precast specimens in terms of strength and energy dissipation. In terms of ductility, the precast specimen using dowel bar and cleat angle showed better behaviour when compared to the reference monolithic specimen.
U. H Issa, A. Ahmed,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (4-2014)

Driven Precast Reinforced Concrete Piles (DPRCP) is extensively used as a foundation for bridges constructed over canals in Egypt in order to avoid the diversion of water canals. The objectives of this research include identifying the main activities of DPRCP execution in the bridge-construction industry in Egypt and the risk factors affecting them. In addition, assessment of the effects of these risk factors on the quality of activities of DPRCP. Four activities are identified in order to execute the process of construction of DPRCP. These activities include: preparing and casting piles, positioning piles and steering the driving machine, handling piles, and driving piles. Thirty one risk factors affecting the DPRCP activities execution are identified. A survey was executed in Egypt concerning probabilities of occurrence of these factors and their impacts on the quality of activities of DPRCP. In addition, a new membership function is introduced to represent the quality of activities and used in a fuzzy model for factors assessment. Results showed that the proposed membership function can be used effectively to assess the quality of activities associated with the construction of DPRCP. A list of risk factors is highlighted to show the most critical risk factors that help in preparing the quality management plan for the upcoming similar projects. The gentile distribution of data obtained for the different activities proved that the investigated risk factors for the DPRCP in this study are significant.
Chayanon Hansapinyo,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (6-2017)

This paper presents an evaluation on lateral cyclic behaviors of precast concrete columns using a steel box connection through experimental investigation. The test consisted of one monolithic reinforced concrete column as a reference and five precast concrete columns. All specimens had identical dimensions of 0.25 x 0.25 m2 cross sectional area and 1.7 m in height with a longitudinal reinforcement ratio of 0.0152. Materials used for all specimens were also from the same batch. The study was aimed at understanding the design concept of the steel connecting box and detailing of column reinforcement for avoiding the brittle failure of precast concrete frame buildings. The experimental results show that without premature failure in welding or nut slipping, depending largely on the reinforcement details, the precast system with a steel box connection can be effectively used. Flexural failure mode with a ductile mechanism can be achieved to resemble the monolithic one. With a higher relative stiffness and capacities of the designed connecting box, the precast columns show a higher capacity as the failure section was shifted to an upper level. Hence, it can be said that the proper details of precast concrete columns contain acceptable seismic performances e.g. ultimate capacity, stiffness, energy dissipation, and capacity degradation under repeated loading.

Page 1 from 1     

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | International Journal of Civil Engineering

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb