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Showing 3 results for Piping

Y. L. Luo,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (5-2013)

The occurrence of piping failures in earth structures demonstrates the urgency and importance of studying piping. With this

intention, a new piping model was developed in the framework of continuum mixture theory. Assuming that porous media are

comprised of solid skeleton phase, fluid phase and fluidized fine particles phase, the fluidized fine particles phase is considered

to be a special solute migrating with the fluid phase. The three phases interact while being constrained by the mass conservation

equations of the three phases, and a sink term was introduced into the mass conservation equation of the solid skeleton phase to

describe the erosion of fluidized fine particles, then a new continuum fluid-particle coupled piping model was established and

validated. The validation indicates that the proposed model can predict the piping development of complicated structures under

complex boundary and flow conditions, and reflect the dynamic changes of porosity, permeability and pore pressure in the

evolution of piping.

H. Ghiassian, M. Jalili, I. Rahmani, Seyed M. M. Madani,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (12-2013)

The concept of Geosynthetic Cellular Systems (GCS) has recently emerged as a new method in construction of breakwaters and coastal protective structures. The method potentially has significant advantages compared to conventional systems from the standpoint of constructability, cost effectiveness, and environmental considerations. This paper presents the results of physical model testing on the hydraulic responses of GCS structures under wave action. A series of model tests were carried out in a wave flume on GCS models with different shapes and soil types, subjected to various wave characteristics. Horizontal wave forces acting on the models were measured at different elevations. The maximum horizontal force in each test was calculated and compared with conventional formula of predicting wave pressure on breakwaters. The results show that Goda’s equation overestimates the hydrodynamic water pressure on these structures. This can be attributed to the influence of seeping water through the GCS models because of relative permeability of the GCS.
Mohammad Hadi Ranginkaman, Ali Haghighi, Hossein Mohammad Vali Samani,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (6-2017)

This paper investigates the frequency response method for waterhammer phenomenon in piping networks. The unsteady flow governing equations are solved in time domain using the method of characteristics. They are also solved in frequency domain using the transfer matrix method. For the pipe network under consideration, critical transient excitation scenarios are identified. For each scenario, the frequency responses of the system as well as the time history of the transient pressures at the network nodes are calculated. The model is applied against a real pipe network and the results of the transfer matrix method are compared with those of the method of characteristics. It is concluded that the frequency response method not only presents a very fast algorithm for analyzing pipe systems but also, has an acceptable accuracy compared to the method of characteristics. The frequency response method requires linearization in some terms of the governing equations. Instead of that, it needs no computational discretization and interpolation necessary in time-space domains when using the method of characteristics.

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