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Showing 2 results for Chloride Ion Diffusion

A. Tarighat,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2012)

Chloride ion ingress in concrete is the main reason of concrete corrosion. In real world both uncertainty and stochasticity are

main attributes of almost all measurements including testing and modeling of chloride content profile in concrete. Regarding

these facts new models should be able to represent at least some of the uncertainties in the predictions. In this paper after

inspiration from classical physics related to diffusion and random walk concepts a stochastic partial differential equation (SPDE)

of diffusion is introduced to show a more realistic modeling/calibration scheme for construction of stochastic chloride content

profile in concrete. Diffusion SPDE provides a consistent quantitative way of relating uncertainty in inputs to uncertainty in

outputs. Although it is possible to run sensitivity analysis to get some statistical results from deterministic models but the nature

of diffusion is inherently stochastic. Brownian motion process (Wiener process) is used in SPDE to simulate the random nature

of the diffusion in heterogeneous media or random fields like concrete. The proposed method can be used to calibrate/model the

chloride ion profile in concrete by only some limited data for a given depth. Then the stochastic chloride ion diffusion can be

simulated by langevin equation. Results of the method are compared with data from some references and all show good


S. Nwaubani,
Volume 12, Issue 3 (9-2014)

This study assesses the kinetics of hydration of Pulverised Fuel Ash and Metakaolin cement pastes and compares how the rate of reaction affects the pore-characteristics and resistance to ionic ingress. The degrees of hydration for the different mixtures were evaluated, both as a function of the calcium hydroxide content and with respect to the chemically combined water contents. The reaction rates have been evaluated using a mathematical model (Jander model), which describes the hydration kinetics of the two materials. The results show that the reaction rate for specimens incorporating Metakaolin is several folds higher than those incorporating Pulverised fuel ash. The faster rate of reaction of the pozzolanic blends results in a faster rate of filling the pore spaces with hydration products, smaller pore volumes and reduced chloride ion diffusivity. The results from this investigation will provide engineers with a much needed uunderstanding of the kinetics of hydration and setting characteristics of these types of cement systems and help in gaining an appreciation of the early structural development, ease of placement and subsequent evolution of properties.

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