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Showing 2 results for Karimiyan

S. Karimiyan, A. Moghadam, A. . Husseinzadeh Kashan, M. Karimiyan,
Volume 13, Issue 1 (Transaction A: Civil Engineering March 2015)

Plan irregularity causes local damages being concentrated in the irregular buildings. Progressive collapse is also the collapse of a large portion or whole building due to the local damages in the structure. The effect of irregularity on the progressive collapse potential of the buildings is investigated in this study. This is carried out by progressive collapse evaluation of the asymmetric mid rise and tall buildings in comparison with the symmetric ones via the nonlinear time history analyses in the 6, 9 and 12 story reinforced concrete buildings. The effect of increasing the mass eccentricity levels is investigated on the progressive collapse mechanism of the buildings with respect to the story drift behavior and the number of beam and column collapsed hinges criteria. According to the results, increasing the mass eccentricity levels causes earlier instability with lower number of the collapsed hinges which is necessary to fail the asymmetric buildings and at the same time mitigates the potential of progressive collapse. Moreover, the decreasing trend of the story drifts of the flexible edges is lower than those of the stiff edges and the mass centers and the amount of decrement in the story drifts of the stiff edges is approximately similar to those of the mass centers.
Somayyeh Karimiyan, Abdolreza S. Moghadam, Ali Husseinzadeh Kashan , Morteza Karimiyan,
Volume 15, Issue 5 (Transaction A: Civil Engineering 2017)

Among important issues in progressive collapse behavior of a building is tracking down the type and location of the damaged elements. This paper deals with identifying the distribution of collapse from the first element to the entire building due to earthquake loads. Here, 3D collapse propagations in symmetric and asymmetric reinforced concrete buildings are compared using nonlinear time history analyses. The variables of such analyses are earthquake load intensity and the level of in plan one directional mass eccentricity. Results show that collapse distribution is dependent on the degree of asymmetry in building. Some patterns to predict progressive collapse scenarios in similar symmetric and asymmetric buildings are also determined. One main pattern shows that the propagation of collapse is horizontal through the stories, but not vertical through the height of the buildings. Spread of the collapse is independent of the earthquake records also according to the results, damage concentration is larger in places with larger mass concentration.

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