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Showing 2 results for Submergence Ratio

Prof Javad Farhoudi,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (12-2009)
Abstract

ABSTRACT

Induced total pressure by flow, including mean and fluctuating components, around a selected chute block in SAF stilling basins downstream of an ogee spillway was studied. Several pressure holes were selected on various faces of a selected chute block to get enough information regarding the total pressure field. This paper reports the results of an experimental work and measurement of mean and fluctuation pressures around chute blocks of SAF stilling basins. The observations showed that the maximum total pressure varies inversely with Froude number of incoming flow while its position of occurrence follows a quadratic polynomial relation ship. Statistical analysis also showed that the peak instantaneous pressure fluctuations could be as large as ±4.5times the RMS value.It is concluded that pressure fluctuation around the chute blocks may double the magnitude of pressure field around the chute blocks and can not be overlooked in designing such appurtenances.



Volume 15, Issue 7 (10-2017)
Abstract

In this paper, the scour hole dimensions around submerged and emerged spur dike in a 90o bend along with the mean and turbulent flowfield were investigated experimentally. Two types of re-circulating flow at the downstream of the spur dike and around the spur dike wing were observed. A direct relation between the estimated bed shear stress using TKE and the scour process prevails. More attentions is needed in estimating the bed shear stress using vertical velocity fluctuations. The scour hole dimensions increase by increasing the ratio of radius of channel bend to channel width , the Froude number of the spur dike, ratio of the length of spur dike to channel width and ratio of the approach mean flow velocity to the approach flow velocity at threshold condition. However, vice versa trends were observed by increasing ratio of the spur dike length to the median sediment size, ratio of the wing length of spur dike to the length of spur dike and the submergence ratio. A particular location of the spur dike in the sharp bend was specified beyond which the scour hole dimensions increase. The ratio of the spur dike length to the median sediment size has a secondary effect on the scour hole dimensions. New equations are proposed for prediction of the scour hole dimensions considering the submergence ratio along with other effective parameters.



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