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Showing 2 results for Pressure Fluctuation

Prof Javad Farhoudi,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (12-2009)
Abstract

ABSTRACT

Induced total pressure by flow, including mean and fluctuating components, around a selected chute block in SAF stilling basins downstream of an ogee spillway was studied. Several pressure holes were selected on various faces of a selected chute block to get enough information regarding the total pressure field. This paper reports the results of an experimental work and measurement of mean and fluctuation pressures around chute blocks of SAF stilling basins. The observations showed that the maximum total pressure varies inversely with Froude number of incoming flow while its position of occurrence follows a quadratic polynomial relation ship. Statistical analysis also showed that the peak instantaneous pressure fluctuations could be as large as ±4.5times the RMS value.It is concluded that pressure fluctuation around the chute blocks may double the magnitude of pressure field around the chute blocks and can not be overlooked in designing such appurtenances.


Fatemeh Kazemi, Dr Saeed Reza Khodashenas, Hamed Sarkardeh,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (1-2016)
Abstract

Stilling basins dissipate energy in order to form hydraulic jumps and rotational flows. Hydraulic jump and rotational current phenomenon produces pressure fluctuation at the bottom of stilling basins. In the present study, pressure fluctuations and their locations have been studied in a physical model of Nimrod Dam. Results showed that fluctuations in presence of jump in the basin are high and therefore the fluctuation factors are respectively high. Regarding available empirical equations, the thickness of slab for different hydraulic conditions were calculated and compared in 1D and 2D conditions. By analyzing collected data, it was observed that, results of 1D were underestimated in comparison by 2D calculations.



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