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Showing 4 results for Strip Footing

A. Asakereh, S.n. Moghaddas Tafreshi, M. Ghazavi,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (6-2012)
Abstract

This paper describes a series of laboratory model tests on strip footings supported on unreinforced and geogrid-reinforced sand
with an inside void. The footing is subjected to a combination of static and cyclic loading. The influence of various parameters
including the embedment depth of the void, the number of reinforcement layers, and the amplitude of cyclic load were studied.
The results show that the footing settlement due to repeated loading increased when the void existed in the failure zone of the
footing and decreased with increasing the void vertical distance from the footing bottom and with increasing the reinforcement
layers beneath the footing. For a specified amplitude of repeated load, the footing settlement is comparable for reinforced sand,
thicker soil layer over the void and much improved the settlement of unreinforced sand without void. In general, the results
indicate that, the reinforced soil-footing system with sufficient geogride-reinforcement and void embedment depth behaves much
stiffer and thus carries greater loading with lower settlement compared with unreinforced soil in the absent of void and can
eliminate the adverse effect of the void on the footing behavior. The final footing settlement under repeated cyclic loading becomes
about 4 times with respect to the footing settlement under static loading at the same magnitude of load applied.


J. Nazari Afshar, M. Ghazavi,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (1-2014)
Abstract

The Stone-column is a useful method for increasing the bearing capacity and reducing settlement of foundation soil. The prediction of accurate ultimate bearing capacity of stone columns is very important in soil improvement techniques. Bulging failure mechanism usually controls the failure mechanism. In this paper, an imaginary retaining wall is used such that it stretches vertically from the stone column edge. A simple analytical method is introduced for estimation of the ultimate bearing capacity of the stone column using Coulomb lateral earth pressure theory. Presented method needs conventional Mohr-coloumb shear strength parameters of the stone column material and the native soil for estimation the ultimate bearing capacity of stone column. The validity of the developed method has been verified using finite element method and test data. Parametric studies have been carried out and effects of contributing parameters such as stone column diameter, column spacing, and the internal friction angle of the stone column material on the ultimate bearing capacity have been investigated.
Mohammad Reza Lotfizadeh, Mohsen Kamalian,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (3-2016)
Abstract

A study has been conducted on the bearing capacity of strip footings over sandy layered soils using the stress characteristic lines method. Traditional bearing capacity theories for specifying the ultimate bearing capacity of shallow foundations are based on the idea that the bearing layer is homogenous and infinite. However layered soils are mainly happening in practice. The stress characteristic lines method is a powerful numerical tool in order to solve stability problems in geotechnical engineering. In the present paper, an appropriate algorithm is derived for estimating the static bearing capacity of strip footing located on two layered soils using the stress characteristic lines method. Some numerical and experimental examples are presented in order to validate the proposed algorithm. Some graphs and equation are presented for initial estimating the effective depth of strip footings located on two layered soils.


Maryam Haghbin,
Volume 14, Issue 7 (10-2016)
Abstract

In the present research, an analytical method is applied to determine the bearing capacity of strip footing on two layers of the soil. Bearing capacity of the footing is calculated according to soil resistance beneath the foundation and virtual retaining wall method. In the said method, the active and passive force on the retaining wall are considered equal on the edge in order to determine the bearing capacity of the footing. Regarding two layers of soil, the active and passive forces of each layer is found and their resultant is applied to calculate footing bearing capacity. This method has many advantages including the possibility to determine the depth of rupture surface of the soil beneath the footing, and to study the effect of the soil second layer on footing bearing capacity. Moreover, the effect of soil improvement beneath the footing as well as the depth and width of compacted area on bearing capacity of footing are also studied here in this research. In general, the studied parameters in this project consist of soil layers thickness, soil cohesion and friction angle, footing depth and width, the width of compacted soil beneath the footing, and the depth of underground water. By programming in MATLAB, the calculation and deduction was fulfilled. The results were compared with the bearing capacity of the footing on one layer of the soil in various situations in order to study the effect of various parameters in two layers of the soil. Finally, this bearing capacity of the footing was compared with the previous experimental methods and reliable results were obtained.



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