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Showing 2 results for Critical Flow

E. Alamatian, M. R. Jaefarzadeh,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (3-2012)
Abstract

In this article, the two-dimensional depth-averaged Saint Venant equations, including the turbulence terms, are solved in a

supercritical flow with oblique standing waves. The algorithm applies the finite volume Roe-TVD method with unstructured

triangular cells. Three depth-averaged turbulence models, including the mixing length, k-&epsilon and algebraic stress model (ASM),

are used to close the hydrodynamic equations. The supercritical flow in a channel downstream from a side-baffle in plan is then

simulated, and the numerical results are compared with the data obtained from a laboratory model. The application of different

models demonstrates that the consideration of turbulence models improves the results at the shock wave positions. The qualitative

study of the results and error analysis indicates that the ASM offers the most desirable solutions in comparison with the other

models. However, our numerical experiments show that, amongst the source term components, the negligence of turbulence terms

produces the least error in the depth estimation in comparison with the removal of the bed slope or bed friction terms.


A. Ghare, A. Badar,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2014)
Abstract

The objective of field water measurement is to conserve water by improving management of its distribution and field application. A simple mobile flume to measure a discharge through small rectangular open channels in agricultural fields has been experimentally investigated. The flume consisting of a vertical cylinder inserted axially into the horizontal prismatic rectangular channel, referred as a simple cylindrical flume, has been calibrated. The flow rate in rectangular channel can be measured by constricting the flow due to presence of cylinder, resulting in critical flow conditions. Experiments have been performed on two simple cylindrical flumes of different diameters, to evaluate the hydraulic characteristics of subcritical incoming flow under free flow conditions. The results of laboratory experiments on the flume have been analysed and two different discharge prediction models have been developed. The two models developed for the prediction of discharge for simple cylindrical flumes developed for use in rectangular channel sections, are based on the energy concept and the direct regression approach, respectively. Both the proposed models have been validated using the limited experimental data available in the literature. Formation of critical depth at the throat section has also been verified. Plots have also been developed for the dimensionless column head and the corresponding Froude number of the incoming flow. The discharge prediction model giving the least error has been proposed for use in practice.

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