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Showing 2 results for Climate Change

B. Zahabiyoun,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2006)

A methodology is presented for the stochastic generation of daily rainfall which accounts for changes to the climatic inputs. The focus of the study is an example catchment in Iran. The methodology addresses the inability of GCMs to provide suitable future scenarios for the time and space scales required for a water resource impact assessment for a small catchment. One stochastic model for rainfall (Neyman-Scott Rectangular Pulses, NSRP, model) is used to generate daily rainfall sequences and then validated using historic records. For present climate conditions, the NSRP model is fitted to observed rainfall statistics. GCM outputs are then downscaled using regressions between atmospheric circulation indices (ACIs) and rainfall statistics. The relationships are then used to predict the rainfall statistics for future conditions using GCM outputs. In this respect, climate change impacts are studied and assessed in this paper. Generated rainfall scenario can then be used as inputs to a rainfall-runoff model in order to generate daily streamflow data which is not investigated here.
Duc Do Minh, Mr. Hieu Nguyen Minh,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (5-2017)

Climate change and global warming have led to severe typhoons and sea level rise (SLR) which may threat the stability of coastal structures. However, countermeasures to enhance coastal protection against SLR and severe typhoons have not appropriately considered. The Hai Hau coast with 33.3 km of sea dikes is located in the Red River delta of Vietnam. Herein, coastal dikes have collapsed twice over the last 30 years, which lead to about 1.5 km of coastline retreat. This paper aims to assess quantitative impacts of SLR on sea dike stability. Change in pore water pressure (PWP) in the dikes was monitored by piezometers. Distribution of PWP at different tide levels was then used to calculate factors of safety (Fs) of inner and outer slopes. Projected SLR until 2100 will reduce Fs of the outer slopes, but sea dikes have no problem with sliding stability. The main threats of SLR to sea dike stability are indirect impacts such as accelerated erosion, scouring, and wave overtopping-induced soil erosion on the inner slopes. Troughs of sea dikes in Hai Hau coast could fail in 6–10 years due to accelerated coastal erosion. A solution of multiple protections to adapt to SLR in Hai Hau coast was proposed which includes conventional structures (i.e. dike, revetment, groins, and mangrove) together with geotubes as submerged breakwaters and vetiver grass.

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