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Showing 3 results for Air Concentration

M.b. Javanbarg, A.r. Zarrati, M.r. Jalili, Kh. Safavi,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (3-2007)
Abstract

In the present study a quasi 2-D numerical model is developed for calculating air concentration distribution in rapid flows. The model solves air continuity equation (convection diffusion equation) in the whole flow domain. This solution is then coupled with calculations of the free surface in which air content in the flow is also considered. To verify the model, its results are compared with an analytical solution as well as a 2-D, numerical model and close agreement was achieved. The model results were also compared with experimental data. This comparison showed that the decrease in air concentration near the channel bed in an aerated flow could be well predicted by the model. The present simple numerical model could therefore be used for engineering purposes.
Shuai Li, Jian-Min Zhang, Wei-Lin Xu, Jian-Gang Chen, Yong Peng, Jun-Ning Li, Xiao-Long He,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (1-2016)
Abstract

The cavitation erosion induced by high flow velocities is very prominent in high head and large unit discharge tunnel. Air entrainment is an effective technology to solve this problem. In this study, numerical simulation and physical model test are applied to the comparative study of air-water flows on bottom and lateral aerator in tunnel. The flow pattern, aeration cavity, air concentration and pressure distribution were obtained and there is a close agreement between the numerical and physical model values. The hydraulic characteristic and aeration effect of anti-arc section are analyzed. The results indicated that added lateral aeration facilities on 1# and 2# aerator can weaken backwater and increase the length of the bottom cavity, but it is limited to improve the air concentration and protect sidewall downstream of the ogee section. Air concentration improved on side walls downstream of anti-arc section when added lateral aeration facility on 3# aerator. The black water triangle zone disappeared and the floor and side walls well protected.


Ziba Fazel, Masoome Fazelian, Dr. Hamed Sarkardeh,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (3-2017)
Abstract

Air-water flow is a complex and challenging subject in many engineering fields as well as hydraulic engineering and discovery of its characteristics can help the engineers to predict and analyze a probable phenomenon. In the present paper, development of a device capable of measuring the flow velocity, air concentration, diameter and counts of bubbles in air-water flows is described. The heart of the present device is two resistive probes with a novel configuration. Being pressure and corrosion resistant and also having negligible resistivity in the flow are some of the unique features of the employed needles. Moreover, sampling frequency and time can be set for the intended application by the user. In the present electronic board, maximum available sampling frequency is in the order of KHz, while the time of sampling is not limited. The circuit is designed with ability for avoiding the polarization of the probe tip. Increasing the number of probes up to four which can operate together and suitable for more complex flows with no change in the electronic board is another advantage of the proposed device. Different tests for verification of the device accuracy have been performed and good results were reported for measurements.



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