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Showing 5 results for Taguchi Method

M. Abbasi, R. Kazemi, A. Ghafari Nazari,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (5-2011)

Parametric design optimization of an automotive body crashworthiness improvement is presented. The thicknesses of parts are employed as design variables for optimization whose objective is to increase the maximum deceleration value of the vehicle center of gravity during an impact. Using the Taguchi method, this study analyzes the optimum conditions for design objectives and the impact factors and their optimal levels are obtained by a range analysis of the experiment results. A full frontal impact is implemented for the crashworthiness simulation in the nonlinear dynamic code, LS-DYNA. The controllable factors used in this study consist of the six inside foreheads structural parts, while design parameters are relevant thicknesses. The most interestingly the maximum deceleration of the vehicle center of gravity is reduced by 20% during a full frontal impact while several parts experience mass reduction.
Prof Majid Moavenian, Mr Sina Sadeghi Namaghi,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (9-2019)

Most of drivers have to compensate small directional deviations from the desired driving path when disturbances such as crosswinds, overtakings, road irregularities and unintended driver inputs  are imposed. These types of deviations have a tiring effect on driver and traffic’s safety and should be minimised. To increase the understanding the influence of vehicle’s properties in crosswind and overtaking conditions, specially vans and buses, and improving their safety, the vehicle was modeled using parameters based on real vehicle data for simulation in CarSim program. These parameters were validated or edited by simulation programs such as SOLIDWORKS, ADAMS/CAR ADAMS/CHASSIS and Well-known Calculation Software .  A method for estimating the lateral error of vehicle due to original path   in crosswind and overtaking conditions is also presented using Multi-Step Taguchi method in MINITAB. Dealing with limited but most effective factors of Vehicle’s Properties instead of  large variety of them can be used for optimal vehicle’s design and propose ideal Crosswind Controllers

Mr Sina Sadeghi Namaghi, Mr Nima Sadeghi Namaghi,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (12-2019)

Heavy articulated vehicles have low performance with respect to stability analysis due to their multifaceted geometry and dynamics especially when it comes to non-linear maneuvers. In this study in order to find out which statistical and dynamical factors have the most effect on stability of this type of vehicle without getting involve with their complex mathematical theory, combination of drive simulation and Taguchi method is used. Since the number and variety of factors are extensive, multi-step Taguchi method used. This method applied on values of modified rearward amplifications of each units of vehicle as a criterion of  lateral stability. Results show the high effect of suspension and load geometry of Vehicle Units on lateral stability and safety.
Mr. Esmail Dehghani, Mr. Vahid Rastegar, Dr. Javad Marzbanrad,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (9-2021)

In this study, the driver airbag geometry and internal pressure were considered as the main parameters to investigate the head injury severity in a frontal crash. The total energy absorption of an airbag was investigated in a drop test simulation and its rate was discussed by the depression distance parameter. On the other hand, the maximum deceleration of the impactor was determined to represent the airbag stiffness by a defined deceleration peak parameter. Thus, the depression distance and the deceleration peak were the objective functions for an isolated airbag under a lumped-mass impact simulation. Furthermore, an optimal matrix was generated using the design method of experiments (DOE) and yielded the airbag parameters as outputs. After the evaluation of the design parameters by the Taguchi method, the ANOVA method was used to predict the most effective parameters. Finally, a sled test with the 50% HYBRID III dummy and the defined airbag was simulated. An experimental crash was selected as the reference point to verify the simulation and to be used to compare the outcomes. Even though the objective function of depression distance showed contradictory effects to reduce the head injury severity, the results showed a %16.4 reduction in the driver head injury in a full-frontal crash.
Mansour Baghaeian, Yadollah Farzaneh, Reza Ebrahimi,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (3-2022)

In this paper, the optimization of the suspension system’s parameters is performed using a combined Taguchi and TOPSIS method, in order to improve the car handling and ride comfort. The car handling and ride comfort are two contradictory dynamic indices; therefore, to improve both car handling and ride comfort, there is a need for compromising between these two indices. For this purpose, the criteria affecting these two are first identified. The lateral acceleration and the body roll angle were used to evaluate the handling, and the RMS of vertical acceleration of the vehicle body was used to evaluate the ride comfort. The design factors including stiffness of springs and damping coefficient of dampers in the front and rear suspension system were also taken into account. On this basis, the results obtained from the vehicle’s motion in the DLC test were evaluated in the CarSim software. Then, the ideal tests were identified using the combined entropy and TOPSIS technique; this method has been proposed for managing the handling and ride comfort criteria. Finally, the optimal level of the suspension system’s factors was extracted using Taguchi method. It is evident from the results that, for different speeds, the body roll angle was improved up to 6.5%, and the RMS of the vertical acceleration of the vehicle body was optimized up to 4% to 7%.

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