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Showing 3 results for Mollajafari

Morteza Mollajafari, Farzad Kouhyar,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (3-2022)

Recently, number of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) is on the rise due to concerns over environmental issues. By combining fuel and electricity as two sources of power, this type of vehicle is capable of bettering fuel economy and lowering emission. In this work, fuel and electrical energy consumption of a parallel hybrid electric vehicle are investigated through TEH-CAR urban drive cycle. For this purpose, a forward looking model is developed in AVL CRUISE M. To ensure adequacy of the model and take engine gas path components’ dynamic interaction into account, a crank based model with individual cylinders is utilized. Furthermore, a throttle filter is presented to slow down engine’s response and also, allow the electric motor to have the larger share of delivering power in transients. Finally, genetic algorithm is used to find optimal values for throttle filter parameter and electric motor load ratio, in order to have minimal overall fuel and electrical energy consumption. The optimization results show 1.2% of fuel and 20.2% of total energy consumption reduction in comparison with conventional torque assist.
Dr Morteza Mollajafari, Mr Alireza Rajabi Ranjbar, Mr Shayegan Shahed Haghighi,
Volume 12, Issue 3 (9-2022)

The development and adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) appears to be an excellent way to mitigate environmental problems such as climate change and global warming exacerbated by the transportation sector. However, it faces numerous challenges, such as optimal locations for EV charging stations and underdeveloped EVCS infrastructure, among the major obstacles. The present study is based on the location planning of charging stations in real cases of central and densely populated districts of Tehran, the capital of Iran. In order to achieve this goal, this paper attempts to validate the results of a previous study in another country. Secondly, by employing preceding principals in accordance with relevant information collected from the car park and petrol stations in the regions of study, a five-integer linear program is proposed based on a weighted set coverage model considering EV users' convenience, daily life conditions, and investment costs, and finally optimally solved by genetic algorithm under various distribution conditions; normal, uniform, Poisson and exponential, to specify the location and number of EV charging stations in such a way that EV drivers can have access to chargers, within an acceptable driving range.
Morteza Mollajafari, Javad Marzbanrad, Pooriya Sanaei,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2022)

The braking system has always been considered one of the most significant vehicle subsystems since it plays a key role in safety issues. To design such a complex system, modeling can be a helpful tool for designers to save time and costs. In this paper, the hydraulic braking system of a B-Class vehicle was modeled by simulating the relationship between brake components such as pedals, boosters, main cylinders, and wheel cylinders, with the vehicle dynamics by using the existing models of the tire and their dynamic relationships. The performed modeling was compared with the results of a concerning vehicle's direct movement. The results of this comparison showed that our modeling is very close to the experimental data. The braking distance parameter was selected to examine the effects of each braking component on the vehicle dynamics. The results of investigating the effect of different parameters of the braking system on the dynamic behavior of the vehicle indicated that the main cylinder diameter, the diameter of the front and rear wheels’ brake cylinders, the effective diameter of the front disk, and the diameter of the rear drum are the most effective design parameters in vehicle's braking system and optimal results are obtained by applying changes to these parameters.

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